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Oral history interview with Solomon Malek

Oral History | RG Number: RG-50.030.0278

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Solomon (Shlomo) Malek, born on November 23, 1930 in Visheul de Sus, Transylvania (Vișeu de Sus, Romania), describes the village he grew up in; the relations between Jews and non-Jews; his family; having a twin sister; his father’s work as a Sopher (a transcriber of Jewish texts); attending public school, Heder (Jewish school), and Yeshiva; the creation of the Jewish ghetto in 1941; life in the ghetto; the looting of Jewish homes; the liquidation of the ghetto beginning in May 1944; his father, who was sent to do forced labor; his mother finding work as a seamstress for the army; the deportations that began after Pesach 1944; his experiences during the round up and transport to Auschwitz; arriving at the camp; contracting scabies; sleeping outside for some time then joining his mother and siblings in the barracks; having medical information collected about himself by the doctors in Auschwitz; his father going out to work in August 15, 1944 and never returning; liberation and the survival of his mother and siblings; being interned in a large camp in Catowitz (probably Katowice, Poland); reuniting with his sister and brothers; being sent on a train with his siblings headed for Russia and getting out at Chernowitz (Chernivtsi, Ukraine); going with his siblings to a large camp near Transylvania; going to Sighet, Romania while his siblings went to Arad, Romania; going with his siblings to their house; neighbors giving them furniture and utensils; going to Cluj, Romania and joining an organization called the Jewish Democratic Refugees; studying to be a tailor and shoemaker, but disliking it; going to be an apprentice to an electrician and then learning the jewelry business; going to Botoshani, Romania in 1961; getting married and moving to Israel; owning a jewelry manufacturing company and then a construction business; his sister, who lives in Israel in Kiriat ATA; and his brothers, who live in Spring Valley, NY.

Interviewee
Solomon Malek
Interviewer
Dr. Radu Ioanid
Date
1993 December 13  (interview)
Language
Romanian
Extent
1 videocassette (Hi8) : sound, color ; 8mm.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection