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Oral history interview with Arnold Einhorn

Oral History | RG Number: RG-50.030.0306

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Arnold Einhorn, born on May 1, 1923 in Antwerp, Belgium, describes growing up in an Orthodox Jewish family; not experiencing much antisemitism in Belgium until 1936, when two strong Fascist and antisemitic groups, the Flemish Fascists and the Rexists, emerged; the German invasion of Belgium in May 1940; fleeing with other Belgian refugees into France; registering as refugees and settling in the Ardèche province in France, where they stayed until November when they were ordered to report to an internment camp in Agde, France; being transferred to Rivesaltes concentration camp; moving to Montpellier, France, where he registered in school; experiencing antisemitism in his school and eventually not going anymore; avoiding the mass deportation of Jews on August 26, 1942 and returning to his home in Belgium in November; moving to Grenoble in the Italian zone of France and joining the Jewish underground, where he received a false identity and assisted in hiding Jews and distributing false identification papers to them; receiving a new underground assignment to cross into Spain to set up more contacts and make his way to Palestine; witnessing the deaths of several of his comrades along the way and being betrayed by a Spanish market woman and arrested; going through several prisons and camps before being released in August 1943 with the help of the American Joint Distribution Committee; sailing to Haifa, Palestine aboard a cargo ship and then joining the British Royal Army Service Corps; fighting in Italy as part of company 178 of the Jewish Brigade; the disbanding of the brigade and helping to smuggle children out of concentration camps and illegally taking them to Palestine; returning to Belgium, where he was reunited with his family; helping his parents immigrate to Palestine; and settling in France, where he studied medicine.

Interviewee
Arnold H. Einhorn
Interviewer
Randy M. Goldman
Date
1995 March 01  (interview)
Language
English
Genre/Form
Oral histories.
Extent
3 videocasettes (Betacam SP) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 11:13:13
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn504801