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Oral history interview with Arnold Einhorn

Oral History | Digitized | RG Number: RG-50.030.0306

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    Oral history interview with Arnold Einhorn


    Interview Summary
    Arnold Einhorn, born on May 1, 1923 in Antwerp, Belgium, describes growing up in an Orthodox Jewish family; not experiencing much antisemitism in Belgium until 1936, when two strong Fascist and antisemitic groups, the Flemish Fascists and the Rexists, emerged; the German invasion of Belgium in May 1940; fleeing with other Belgian refugees into France; registering as refugees and settling in the Ardèche province in France, where they stayed until November when they were ordered to report to an internment camp in Agde, France; being transferred to Rivesaltes concentration camp; moving to Montpellier, France, where he registered in school; experiencing antisemitism in his school and eventually not going anymore; avoiding the mass deportation of Jews on August 26, 1942 and returning to his home in Belgium in November; moving to Grenoble in the Italian zone of France and joining the Jewish underground, where he received a false identity and assisted in hiding Jews and distributing false identification papers to them; receiving a new underground assignment to cross into Spain to set up more contacts and make his way to Palestine; witnessing the deaths of several of his comrades along the way and being betrayed by a Spanish market woman and arrested; going through several prisons and camps before being released in August 1943 with the help of the American Joint Distribution Committee; sailing to Haifa, Palestine aboard a cargo ship and then joining the British Royal Army Service Corps; fighting in Italy as part of company 178 of the Jewish Brigade; the disbanding of the brigade and helping to smuggle children out of concentration camps and illegally taking them to Palestine; returning to Belgium, where he was reunited with his family; helping his parents immigrate to Palestine; and settling in France, where he studied medicine.
    Arnold H. Einhorn
    Randy M. Goldman
    interview:  1995 March 01
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection

    Physical Details

    Oral histories.
    3 videocasettes (Betacam SP) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Topical Term
    Antisemitism in education--France--Montpellier. Antisemitism--Belgium. Child concentration camp inmates. Hiding places--France. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Belgium--Personal narratives. Human smuggling. Identification cards--Forgeries--France. Jewish refugees--France. Jews--Persecutions--Belgium. World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns--Italy. World War, 1939-1945--Concentration camps--France--Agde. World War, 1939-1945--Deportations from France. World War, 1939-1945--Jewish resistance--France. World War, 1939-1945--Participation, Jewish. World War, 1939-1945--Prisoners and prisons, Spanish. World War, 1939-1945--Regimental histories--Great Britain--Jewish Brigade. World War, 1939-1945--Underground movements--France--Grenoble. World War, 1939-1945--Veterans. Men--Personal narratives. Fascists.
    Personal Name
    Einhorn, Arnold, 1923-

    Administrative Notes

    Randy M. Goldman, on behalf of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Oral History Branch, conducted the oral history interview with Arnold Einhorn on March 1, 1995. This interview is one of 51 oral histories included in the Miles Lerman Center for the Study of Jewish Resistance.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this oral history interview has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 08:01:58
    This page:

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