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Oral history interview with Bella Mischkinsky

Oral History | RG Number: RG-50.030.0340

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Bella Mischkinsky, born on September 9, 1922 in Lódz, Poland, describes growing up in a religious family; the Nazi invasion of Poland and leaving with her family for the Soviet-occupied part of Poland in December 1939; finding people that offered to help get them into Soviet-occupied Poland but being discovered by soldiers; escaping into the forest and traveling with smugglers to Soviet-occupied Poland; riding by train to Bialystok, Poland and then going by sled to Ashmiany, Belarus, where she worked as a cashier until the Nazis invaded and forced her into a ghetto; her assignment to clean the Ashmiany commandant’s house; escaping to the Vilnius ghetto in 1942; her deportation to the Kaiserwald concentration camp in Riga, Latvia and sorting prisoners' clothes there; her transfer to Stutthof and then to Magdeburg Brabag, a sub-camp of Buchenwald; working in an ammunition factory and cleaning streets; marching towards Berlin, Germany on April 22, 1945 but having the march broken up because of battles between the Nazis and Americans; returning home with a man who helped her to steal things from the Nazis; waiting to be liberated; and immigrating to the United States in July 1945.

Interviewee
Bella Mischkinsky
Interviewer
Randy M. Goldman
Date
1995 July 12  (interview)
Language
English
Genre/Form
Oral histories.
Extent
4 videocasettes (Betacam SP) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection