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Oral history interview with Bella Mischkinsky

Oral History | Digitized | RG Number: RG-50.030.0340

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    Oral history interview with Bella Mischkinsky


    Interview Summary
    Bella Mischkinsky, born on September 9, 1922 in Łódź, Poland, describes growing up in a religious family; the Nazi invasion of Poland and leaving with her family for the Soviet-occupied part of Poland in December 1939; finding people that offered to help get them into Soviet-occupied Poland but being discovered by soldiers; escaping into the forest and traveling with smugglers to Soviet-occupied Poland; riding by train to Bialystok, Poland and then going by sled to Ashmiany, Belarus, where she worked as a cashier until the Nazis invaded and forced her into a ghetto; her assignment to clean the Ashmiany commandant’s house; escaping to the Vilnius ghetto in 1942; her deportation to the Kaiserwald concentration camp in Riga, Latvia and sorting prisoners' clothes there; her transfer to Stutthof and then to Magdeburg Brabag, a sub-camp of Buchenwald; working in an ammunition factory and cleaning streets; marching towards Berlin, Germany on April 22, 1945 but having the march broken up because of battles between the Nazis and Americans; returning home with a man who helped her to steal things from the Nazis; waiting to be liberated; and immigrating to the United States in July 1945.
    Mrs. Bella Mischkinsky
    Randy M. Goldman
    interview:  1995 July 12
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection

    Physical Details

    Oral histories.
    4 videocasettes (Betacam SP) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..

    Rights & Restrictions

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    Conditions on Use
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    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Oral History Branch conducted the oral history interview with Bella Mischkinsky on August 17, 1995.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this oral history interview has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 08:02:12
    This page:

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