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Oral history interview with Irene Salomonawicz Fleming

Oral History | RG Number: RG-50.030.0366

Irene Salomonawicz Fleming, born on March 5, 1921 in Łódź, Poland, describes growing up in a wealthy, traditional Jewish family; being forced out of her home after the German invasion of Poland in 1939; losing her family’s textile factory to a German family friend who had proposed to her; wanting to follow the Soviet troops into Russia and marrying an older man to do so; divorcing her husband after two months and returning to live with her family in their uncle’s home; moving into a small apartment with another family inside of the Łódź ghetto; working in a ghetto rubber factory for almost three years; switching jobs to work in the ghetto Housing Department, where she helped to find lodging for people who had recently arrived; meeting her current husband in 1942 and marrying him a year later; the German liquidation of Łódź in 1944 and her transport to Ravensbrück, where she was sold as slave labor to the Tzana Arado airplane factory; the liberation of Ravensbrück in April 1945 by Russian troops; searching for her husband for ten months; and immigrating with her husband and their baby daughter to the United States on November 7, 1949.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Irene S. Fleming
Joan Ringelheim
interview:  1996 May 16
Oral histories.
2 videocassettes (Betacam SP) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..