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Oral history interview with Nicholas Winton

Oral History | RG Number: RG-50.030.0422

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Nicholas Winton, born on May 19, 1909 in London, England, describes growing up in a good atmosphere; his mother’s immigration from Nuremberg, Germany to London; often returning to Nuremberg to visit his mother’s family; his extended family immigrating to England and moving in with his family; studying and working in Europe as a financier in the early 1930s; becoming aware of the political consequences on Britain of Hitler coming to power in 1933; going to Prague, Czech Republic with a friend to tour camps in which Czechoslovakian Jews were held; deciding to help these Jewish refugees; the ambivalence of people in England to what was really happening on the European continent; returning to England and living “two lives” as a stockbroker during the day and as a refugee organizer at night; developing an initiative to bring 250 children into England; finding people to take in the children he brought over; stopping his work of helping Jewish children escape once the war broke out; joining the Red Cross for eight months and then voluntarily joining the Royal Air Force until the end of the war; joining the International Refugee Organization in Geneva, a specialized agency of the newly-formed United Nations, where he dealt with the retrieval of Nazi loot; moving to Paris in 1948, where he worked for the International Bank; attaining American dollars through his work at the bank, meeting his wife there, and traveling around the US with her; returning to England, where he worked at odd jobs for several years; and finally sharing his story about his efforts to save Czech children.

Interviewee
Sir Nicholas Winton
Interviewer
Arwen Donahue
Date
1995 November 17  (interview)
Language
English
Genre/Form
Oral histories.
Extent
2 sound cassettes (60 min.).