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Oral history interview with Edward Anders

Oral History | RG Number: RG-50.030.0451

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Edward Anders, born in 1926 in Liepaja, Latvia, describes growing up in a moderately religious family; the Russian occupation of Latvia after the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact and the Russian government taking away his father’s business; massacres of Jews in his town after the Germans bombed and occupied it; receiving passes from a German troop that excluded them from any action against the Jews; hiding his father to avoid having him register for a labor force; being taken to Riga, Latvia and going through a round-up during which his father was killed; his experiences with killing squads in Latvia; pretending he was a half Jew to avoid several drafts into the army and deportations; being transported to the Stargard transit camp as a Latvian citizen and then fleeing to Dresden, Germany as a refugee; being with his mother when they found out that the war was over and seeing hundreds of concentration camp inmates walking on death marches; dealing with illness during the war; registering as a Jewish refugee after the war to receive ration cards; spending some time in a displaced persons camp near Munich, Germany after the war and then re-starting school through a program run by the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration; his participation in the Nuremberg Trials as a witness; immigrating to the United States and entering a university program that eventually led him to getting a doctorate degree in chemistry; and raising a family.

Interviewee
Mr. Edward Anders
Interviewer
Randy M. Goldman
Date
1997 February 28  (interview)
Language
English
Genre/Form
Oral histories.
Extent
3 sound cassettes (74 min.).