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Oral history interview with Stefan Czyzewski

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 1998.A.0064 | RG Number: RG-50.030.0387

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    Oral history interview with Stefan Czyzewski


    Interview Summary
    Stefan Czyzewski, born on August 12, 1922 in Leśnogóra, Poland, describes growing up on a farm; joining the Obroncy Polski (Defenders of Poland), an underground organization; being caught and sent to a camp in Siberia a month later; becoming a translator because of his skill with languages and being allowed to go outside the camp, where he became friends with some of the natives; his training as an underground fighter in British military camps in Prussia; infiltrating Nazi-occupied Poland and joining the Zwiazek Walki Zbrojnej (Union for Armed Struggle) in central Poland; being given command of a twenty-person action group squad that destroyed bridges and German supply trains and fought the Germans in central Poland; attacking Einsatzgruppen patrols from May 1943 to March 1944; being caught by the Germans in March 1944 and interned at Skaryszewska transit camp in Warsaw; his transfer to a labor camp in Silesia, Germany; escaping in April 1944 and joining the Narodowe Sily Zbrojne (National Armed Forces) only to be arrested again and sentenced to death; his temporary confinement in May 1944 to Gross-Rosen, where he worked in the stone quarry; his transfer to Mauthausen in June 1944 and working in an armament factory there; narrowly avoiding execution on several occasions until his liberation in May 1945; going into a tuberculosis sanitarium in Forchheim, Germany and then living in another displaced persons camp in Aschaffenburg, Germany; starting to work as a police officer for the UNRRA in 1948 in Wildflecken, Germany; and immigrating to the United States in the fall of 1949.
    Stefan Czyzewski
    Katie Davis
    interview:  1998 April 08

    Physical Details

    Oral histories.
    11 videocasettes (Betacam SP) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..

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    Administrative Notes

    Katie Davis, on behalf of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Oral History Branch, conducted the oral history interview with Stefan Czyzewski on April 8, 1998.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this oral history interview has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 08:02:31
    This page:

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