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Oral history interview with Stefan Czyzewski

Oral History | Accession Number: 1998.A.0064 | RG Number: RG-50.030.0387

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Stefan Czyzewski, born on August 12, 1922 in Leśnogóra, Poland, describes growing up on a farm; joining the Obroncy Polski (Defenders of Poland), an underground organization; being caught and sent to a camp in Siberia a month later; becoming a translator because of his skill with languages and being allowed to go outside the camp, where he became friends with some of the natives; his training as an underground fighter in British military camps in Prussia; infiltrating Nazi-occupied Poland and joining the Zwiazek Walki Zbrojnej (Union for Armed Struggle) in central Poland; being given command of a twenty-person action group squad that destroyed bridges and German supply trains and fought the Germans in central Poland; attacking Einsatzgruppen patrols from May 1943 to March 1944; being caught by the Germans in March 1944 and interned at Skaryszewska transit camp in Warsaw; his transfer to a labor camp in Silesia, Germany; escaping in April 1944 and joining the Narodowe Sily Zbrojne (National Armed Forces) only to be arrested again and sentenced to death; his temporary confinement in May 1944 to Gross-Rosen, where he worked in the stone quarry; his transfer to Mauthausen in June 1944 and working in an armament factory there; narrowly avoiding execution on several occasions until his liberation in May 1945; going into a tuberculosis sanitarium in Forchheim, Germany and then living in another displaced persons camp in Aschaffenburg, Germany; starting to work as a police officer for the UNRRA in 1948 in Wildflecken, Germany; and immigrating to the United States in the fall of 1949.

Interviewee
Stefan Czyzewski
Interviewer
Katie Davis
Date
1998 April 08  (interview)
Language
English
Genre/Form
Oral histories.
Extent
11 videocasettes (Betacam SP) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 11:15:41
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn505918