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Oral history interview with Nina Tatur

Oral History | Accession Number: 2011.437.37 | RG Number: RG-50.674.0037

Nina Tatur, born in 1927 in the Podyasen settlement in Mogilev oblast, discusses life in Grodzyanka (Hradzianka) during the German occupation; peaceful relations between Belarusians and Jews prior to the war; the shooting of an assembly of Belarusian communists by German paratroopers; the sequestering of the Jewish population on an estate which was guarded by local policemen, in late 1941; the local police helping German forces search for Communists and Jews; her father’s assertion that they should help Jews; her brother Kostya who brought food to the sequestered Jews; Jews wearing Star of David badges and being beaten on the street by German soldiers; policemen moving into houses previously owned by Jews; the mass shooting of the area’s Jews in 1942; the German order that anyone hiding Jews would be shot; housing a Jewish refugee family named Gvozdetskiye who her mother’s claimed were relatives; hearing from partisans about atrocities committed by German soldiers; the death of her father and sister who were killed by German soldiers; the revenge torture and killing of police and their families by partisans; seeing the hanged corpses of military prisoners; the evacuation of policemen with the German forces at the end of the war; and a policeman who was associated with the Gestapo and still lived in town in the years following the war.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Nina Tatur
interview:  2012 February 11
creation: Hradzianka (Belarus)
2 videocassettes (DVCAM) : sound, color ; 1/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 19:53:31
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