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Oral history interview with Leonid Kruzhalenko

Oral History | Accession Number: 2011.437.38 | RG Number: RG-50.674.0038

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Leonid Kruzhalenko, born in 1925 in Sverzhen, Gomel Oblast, discusses the German occupation and the forced relocation of Jews into designated homes following bombings and fires; the mandate that Jews had to wear Star of David badges; German soldiers' attacks on Jews; Jews having to go house to house to beg peasants for bread; the use of a work association building as an execution site; seeing German soldiers with dogs bring groups of Jews to the building; the inspection of Jews for gold teeth; seeing villagers he recognized enter the building; seeing several Jewish men with shovels going to dig a pit; the murder of Jewish women and girls by German soldiers; the shooting by a German soldier of Jewish children who were begging for food in the village; seeing pits in which there were the bodies of children; covering the bodies in the pit with soil; the bombing of the execution building; the brutal chief of police, Kozhan, who recruited people who were enemies of Soviet rule; the lack of Jewish survivors from the village; the looting of Jewish belongings by peasants; and his involvement with partisans.

Interviewee
Leonid Kruzhalenko
Date
2012 February 12
Extent
2 videocassettes (DVCAM) : sound, color ; 1/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:49:54
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn50767