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Oral history interview with Raisa Semashko

Oral History | Accession Number: 2011.437.51 | RG Number: RG-50.674.0051

Raisa Semashko, born in Minsk in 1930, discusses her family’s peaceful relationships with Jews prior to the war; the bombings and destruction of homes in Minsk during the war; German soldiers prohibiting her from leaving Minsk as a refugee; witnessing German soldiers shoot prisoners of war in a procession; living conditions for prisoners of war being held in Tchelyuskintsev Park; a prisoner of war who hid in her yard after escaping a procession; women bringing food to German soldiers and helping some prisoners of war; German authorities sending prisoners of war to concentration camps; the participation of Ukrainian policemen in the execution of Jews; hiding two Jewish girls, Ida Borshcheva and Nina Zeitlina, and Russian policemen in her family apartment; German forces gathering Jews into Russian homes; the Zamkovaya Street ghetto; hearing gunshots during an execution; a woman working for the NKVD hiding in a Russian orphanage; how the only Jewish survivors in the area were the individuals who had hid in her house; a German officer’s girlfriend who leaked information to her brother, a member of a clandestine group; the fragmentation of underground groups in Minsk; families being killed because of their communist ties; and seeing the dead bodies of prisoners of war alongside the street.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Semashko, Raisa
2012 February 17
2 videocassettes (DVCAM) : sound, color ; 1/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
Record last modified: 2022-06-24 20:09:10
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