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Oral history interview with Antonia Ryabukho

Oral History | Accession Number: 2011.437.41 | RG Number: RG-50.674.0041

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Antonia Ryabukho, born in 1922, discusses traveling by train to Bobruysk from the frontier border where her husband was an officer in service; escaping from a train as it was being bombed; walking from Bialystok to Bobruysk; seeing German forces hang men, separate children and mothers, and throw bodies of the living and dead into wells and fires; hiding with her daughter in bushes to escape German paratroopers; seeing dead bodies by a river full of blood; her survival tactics to save her daughter as they made their way to Bobruysk on foot; Gestapo officers and German soldiers gathering Jews in the town; Jews, Communists, and high-ranking Soviet functionaries being forced to live in a patrolled outdoor area outside Bobruysk; secretly delivering potatoes to Jewish prisoners; hiding Jewish neighbors in her cellar; returning to Bialystok; her husband’s work as an artillerist on fortifications; hiding Jews in her vegetable garden; changing her name to avoid being mistaken as a Communist; joining the Komsomol and receiving a new passport; working as a recruiter for the partisans in 1943; a police chief who joined the Gestapo instead of the partisans; a Gestapo officer’s warning that she will be hanged; recognizing the need to escape; arranging a hiding place for elderly Jews who remained in Bobruysk; the capture of her mother, sister, and nieces who were sent to a concentration camp; the fate of her family members; and the partisan and Soviet army takeover of Bobruysk.

Interviewee
Antonina Ryabukho
Date
2012 February 13
Extent
2 videocassettes (DVCAM) : sound, color ; 1/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:50:24
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn50771