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Oral history interview with Martin Boyko

Oral History | Accession Number: 2011.437.44 | RG Number: RG-50.674.0044

Martin Boyko, born in 1935, discusses life in Baranovichi, Belarus during the German occupation; peaceful relationships with Jews prior to the war; his fear of walking the streets because of his Jewish appearance; villagers' comments about Germany as a safe alternative to Soviet rule; the introduction of restrictions on Jews; the establishment of the Jewish ghetto in 1942; the guarding the ghetto by policemen; sneaking through the ghetto fence to play with Jewish children; the understanding among Jewish children that they would be deported; the mass killing of Jews in the summer of 1943 by German forces; being mistaken as a Jew during the organization of a procession; being forced to join the procession of Jews until his mother confirmed his Catholicism; hearing shooting, lasting more than two hours, from behind the railroad bridge; seeing bodies covered with soil and in a trench at the railroad construction site; hearing moans and seeing movement under the soil; seeing prisoners of war in a car at the town square; the hanging in the town square of men, women, and children who were labeled with tags indicating “partisan” or “bandit”; his belief that Belarusian, Ukrainian, and Lithuanian policemen were more cruel than the German police; sneaking into the military prisoner camp to deliver bread to prisoners and receiving toys in return; and his memory of German soldiers removing corpses from a train carrying prisoners of war.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Boyko, Martin
2012 February 14
1 videocassette (DVCAM) : sound, color ; 1/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
Record last modified: 2022-06-24 20:09:09
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