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Oral history interview with Arkady Zmachinskiy

Oral History | Accession Number: 2011.437.55 | RG Number: RG-50.674.0055

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Arkady Zmachinskiy, born in 1928 in Stolbtsy, Poland (Stoŭbtsy, Belarus), discusses the large prewar Jewish population; peaceful relationships among nationalities before the war; seeing BUND soldiers marching through town; the Polish government discouraging patronage of Jewish-owned businesses; the closing of Jewish stores following the German invasion of Poland; the entry of Soviet troops into Poland; Jewish refugees from Southern Poland relocating to Stolbsty; the arrival of German soldiers in Stolbtsy; his grandfather who was killed by German soldiers; the order for Jews to wear Star of David badges; curfews for Jews; the resettlement of Jews into the ghetto; the guarding of the ghetto by local policemen; the looting of Jewish-owned homes by local citizens; forced manual labor; his views about the brutality of Latvian and Lithuanian soldiers; young Jews relocating to Baranovichi for work and never returning; the burning of her family’s home; living in a small building that overlooked the ghetto; hiding 10 Jews in their attic during the first execution; how after the Jews left the hiding place, they joined a Jewish partisan unit under Tuvia Belskiy’s in Nalibotskaya Pushcha; the arrival of SD soldiers; seeing elderly Jews from the ghetto being forced into trucks and then driven to the northwest part of town; hearing about the execution of elderly Jews; the participation of policemen in the shooting of young Jews in the second round of executions in 1943; the fact that the only Jewish survivors were those that had joined the partisans; the bodies of German soldiers after a conflict with partisans; his autobiography containing details about the Jews of Stolbtsy; and the return of some local Jews to town for a short time after the war.

Interviewee
Arkady Zmachinskiy
Date
2012 August 20
Extent
2 videocassettes (DVCAM) : sound, color ; 1/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:52:32
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn50786