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Oral history interview with King Michael I of Romania

Oral History | Accession Number: 2001.255 | RG Number: RG-50.030.0420

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

King Michael I of Romania, born on October 25, 1921 in Sinaia, Romania, discusses growing up and receiving a very diverse education; his father’s tumultuous reign in the early 1930s; the emergence of an extreme rightist movement, including the Iron Guard, in Romania in the 1930s; how his father never divulged his opinions about Jews; knowing what was happening with Hitler in Germany; meeting with Neville Chamberlain in 1938 but not discussing the Munich Accords; his father’s reorganization of the Front of National Rebirth in Romania; the Iron Guard’s murder of prime minister Armand Calinescu; his father’s decision to invite some Iron Guard members into the government in 1940; becoming king after his father abdicated in 1941; dealing with General Antonescu, who had recently become Prime Minister, established a state with the Iron Guard, and gained the support of Hitler; the Iron Guard Rebellion and the terrible violence against the Jews; Antonescu’s decision to declare war against the Russians without telling him; Antonescu’s deportation of many Jews from Romania; his and his mother’s attempts to stop the deportations; attempting to convince Antonescu to stop the deportations; dismissing Antonescu from office and then signing his death sentence two years later; and his frustration with the entire wartime and post-war period.

Interviewee
King Michael I
Interviewer
Mr. Paul A. Shapiro
Date
2001 November 12  (interview)
Language
English
Genre/Form
Oral histories.
Extent
4 videocasettes (Betacam SP) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 11:16:36
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn510114