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Oral history interview with Michael Wertman

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 2002.42 | RG Number: RG-50.030.0464

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    Oral history interview with Michael Wertman


    Interview Summary
    Michael Wertman, born in 1928 in Lwów, Poland (L'viv, Ukraine), describes his childhood; his parents' divorce and his father's remarriage; the Soviet occupation of Lwów in 1939 and the nationalization of his father's business; his oldest brother's conscription into the Soviet Army; the confusion and tension leading up to the German occupation of Lwów; the implementation of antisemitic restrictions after the German occupation; the early pogroms instigated by Ukrainian nationalists; the formation of the Lwów ghetto and its Judenrat; the birth of his younger sister Helen; his older brother’s deportation to a forced labor camp; life in the Lwów ghetto; his father obtaining false papers and sending him to Warsaw, Poland; finding a job in Ternopil, Ukraine and living with other boys his age; getting an official Kennkarte as an "Aryan"; his fears of being detected as a Jew outside of the ghetto; befriending a Polish family and staying with them during the 1944 Warsaw uprising; the evacuation of Warsaw and the deprivations during that time; his liberation by the Soviet Army; finding his father, stepmother, and siblings in Lublin, Poland, and learning of the death of his mother; his and his brother's time in a displaced persons camp in Germany; and his immigration to Canada in 1950.
    Michael Wertman
    Ringelheim, Dr. Joan
    interview:  2002 March 20

    Physical Details

    Oral histories.
    9 videocasettes (Betacam SP) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Personal Name
    Wertman, Michael, 1928-

    Administrative Notes

    The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Oral History Branch conducted the interview with Michael Wertman on March 20, 2002. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Archives received the tapes of the interview in May 2002.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this oral history interview has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 08:03:01
    This page:

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