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Oral history interview with Michael Wertman

Oral History | Accession Number: 2002.42 | RG Number: RG-50.030.0464

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Michael Wertman, born in 1928 in Lwów, Poland (L'viv, Ukraine), describes his childhood; his parents' divorce and his father's remarriage; the Soviet occupation of Lwów in 1939 and the nationalization of his father's business; his oldest brother's conscription into the Soviet Army; the confusion and tension leading up to the German occupation of Lwów; the implementation of antisemitic restrictions after the German occupation; the early pogroms instigated by Ukrainian nationalists; the formation of the Lwów ghetto and its Judenrat; the birth of his younger sister Helen; his older brother’s deportation to a forced labor camp; life in the Lwów ghetto; his father obtaining false papers and sending him to Warsaw, Poland; finding a job in Ternopil, Ukraine and living with other boys his age; getting an official Kennkarte as an "Aryan"; his fears of being detected as a Jew outside of the ghetto; befriending a Polish family and staying with them during the 1944 Warsaw uprising; the evacuation of Warsaw and the deprivations during that time; his liberation by the Soviet Army; finding his father, stepmother, and siblings in Lublin, Poland, and learning of the death of his mother; his and his brother's time in a displaced persons camp in Germany; and his immigration to Canada in 1950.

Interviewee
Michael Wertman
Interviewer
Joan Ringelheim
Date
2002 March 20  (interview)
Language
English
Genre/Form
Oral histories.
Extent
9 videocasettes (Betacam SP) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 11:17:41
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn510323