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Oral history interview with Robert Holczer

Oral History | RG Number: RG-50.030.0467

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Robert Holczer, born in 1929 in Budapest, Hungary, describes his childhood in Budapest; his participation in a Boy Scout group; his father being taken away to work in a copper mine in Yugoslavia in 1942; Russians taking his apartment from him and his mother; the German occupation in 1944 and his avoidance of deportation; moving in with some friends who were Seventh-Day Adventists and then moving in with his aunt; removing the Jewish star from his clothing; having to hide in a basement with at least three hundred other people during the Nazi siege in Hungary; being liberated by Russian forces and joining an underground Zionist movement; moving to a kibbutz in Israel but soon returning to be with his family; moving to the United States after the 1956 Hungarian Revolution, then to Germany, and then returning to the US; working in several professions before becoming a teacher; reuniting with his friends from Hungary and discussing the Marxist and Zionist ideologies they considered adopting; going to university and becoming a special education teacher; the effects of the war and antisemitism on his family and friends; and the cultural and linguistic transitions he had to make when coming to the United States.

Interviewee
Dr. Robert Holczer
Interviewer
Arwen Donahue
Date
1996 January 10  (interview)
1996 April 29  (interview)
1999 March 17  (interview)
Language
English
Genre/Form
Oral histories.
Extent
7 sound cassettes (60 min.).
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 11:17:45
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn511185