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Oral history interview with Robert Holczer

Oral History | RG Number: RG-50.030.0467

Robert Holczer, born in 1929 in Budapest, Hungary, describes his childhood in Budapest; his participation in a Boy Scout group; his father being taken away to work in a copper mine in Yugoslavia in 1942; Russians taking his apartment from him and his mother; the German occupation in 1944 and his avoidance of deportation; moving in with some friends who were Seventh-Day Adventists and then moving in with his aunt; removing the Jewish star from his clothing; having to hide in a basement with at least three hundred other people during the Nazi siege in Hungary; being liberated by Russian forces and joining an underground Zionist movement; moving to a kibbutz in Israel but soon returning to be with his family; moving to the United States after the 1956 Hungarian Revolution, then to Germany, and then returning to the US; working in several professions before becoming a teacher; reuniting with his friends from Hungary and discussing the Marxist and Zionist ideologies they considered adopting; going to university and becoming a special education teacher; the effects of the war and antisemitism on his family and friends; and the cultural and linguistic transitions he had to make when coming to the United States.


Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Interviewee
Dr. Robert Holczer
Interviewer
Arwen Donahue
Date
interview:  1996 January 10
interview:  1996 April 29
interview:  1999 March 17
Language
English
Genre/Form
Oral histories.
Extent
7 sound cassettes (60 min.).
 
Record last modified: 2020-06-24 14:47:20
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn511185