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Oral history interview with Monique Simon

Oral History | Accession Number: 1993.A.0095.74 | RG Number: RG-50.163.0074

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Monique Simon (née Gautschoux), born on November 9, 1932 in Mulhouse, France, describes her father entering the French Army in September 1939; her family’s move to Bourbonne-les-Bains to a relatives’ house; having gas masks and being taught to be scared by her mother; going to Plombières-les-Bains in early 1940 and attending school; fleeing in late 1940 for Crest after her sister disclosed that they were Jewish; living with mother’s sister in early 1941 and her father locating them; her father finding a place for them with a non-Jewish family, the Lutrands, through the Red Cross; her father getting identity cards marked “Juif”; being hidden by a priest along with her sister, while her parents hid in a post office; her father’s arrest and release; living with her sister in the home of a peasant family, the Oliviers in 1942; doing farm work and not attending school; going with her sister to her aunt’s house in February 1944; the bombardment of the village by American troops and staying in a bomb shelter for weeks; the Germans arriving and taking hostages, radios, and bicycles; the Lutrands taking them to the village of Livron (Livron-sur-Drôme); returning to Crest when the Germans arrived; staying in a bomb shelter as the Americans and Germans fought for the village; returning with her family to Mulhouse in early 1945; attending high school and spending the summer in Zurich, Switzerland; attending physical therapy school in Paris for three years; visiting her sister in Israel in 1955 and meeting her husband, Benjamin Simon; going to the United States in 1958; settling in Washington, DC; and the birth of her daughter in 1960.

Interviewee
Monique Simon
Interviewer
Gail Schwartz
Date
1990 February 04  (interview)
Language
English
Extent
2 sound cassettes (60 min.).
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:55:54
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn511543