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Oral history interview with Monique Simon

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 1993.A.0095.74 | RG Number: RG-50.163.0074

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    Oral history interview with Monique Simon


    Interview Summary
    Monique Simon (née Gautschoux), born on November 9, 1932 in Mulhouse, France, describes her father entering the French Army in September 1939; her family’s move to Bourbonne-les-Bains to a relatives’ house; having gas masks and being taught to be scared by her mother; going to Plombières-les-Bains in early 1940 and attending school; fleeing in late 1940 for Crest after her sister disclosed that they were Jewish; living with mother’s sister in early 1941 and her father locating them; her father finding a place for them with a non-Jewish family, the Lutrands, through the Red Cross; her father getting identity cards marked “Juif”; being hidden by a priest along with her sister, while her parents hid in a post office; her father’s arrest and release; living with her sister in the home of a peasant family, the Oliviers in 1942; doing farm work and not attending school; going with her sister to her aunt’s house in February 1944; the bombardment of the village by American troops and staying in a bomb shelter for weeks; the Germans arriving and taking hostages, radios, and bicycles; the Lutrands taking them to the village of Livron (Livron-sur-Drôme); returning to Crest when the Germans arrived; staying in a bomb shelter as the Americans and Germans fought for the village; returning with her family to Mulhouse in early 1945; attending high school and spending the summer in Zurich, Switzerland; attending physical therapy school in Paris for three years; visiting her sister in Israel in 1955 and meeting her husband, Benjamin Simon; going to the United States in 1958; settling in Washington, DC; and the birth of her daughter in 1960.
    Monique Simon
    Gail Schwartz
    interview:  1990 February 04

    Physical Details

    2 sound cassettes (60 min.).

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Personal Name
    Simon, Monique, 1932-

    Administrative Notes

    The interview with Monique Simon was conducted on February 4, 1990 as part of the Jewish Community Council of Greater Washington's oral history project to document Washington, DC area survivor's experiences of the Holocaust. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum received the interview on May 26, 1993.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 08:19:59
    This page:

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