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Oral history interview with Ursula Pawel

Oral History | Accession Number: 2004.481 | RG Number: RG-50.030.0488

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Ursula Pawel (née Lenneberg), born in 1926 in Aplerbeck, Dortmund, Germany, discusses her childhood; the discrimination against Jews in Germany from 1933 to 1942; the complexities of family life with her mother Lina, who converted to Judaism, and her father Otto, an assimilated Jew; her status as a Mischlinge; her deportation in 1942 to Theresienstadt; life in Theresienstadt between 1942 and 1944 with her father and younger brother; the deportation of her father to Auschwitz in 1944 and her convincing him that she and her brother should go as well; her notification while in Auschwitz that her father and brother had been gassed; her transfers to Kudowa-Sackisch (Kudowa Zdrój), Poland in December 1944 and then Merzdorf (Marciszów, Poland) in December 1944; her liberation on May 8, 1945; going on a 500-mile bicycle ride home to find her mother and other relatives; her experiences in the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration displaced persons camp in Deggendorf, Germany; and her and her mother's immigration to the United States in June 1947.

Interviewee
Ms. Ursula L. Pawel
Interviewer
Joan Ringelheim
Date
2004 September 09  (interview)
Language
English
Genre/Form
Oral histories.
Extent
10 videocasettes (Betacam SP) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 11:18:13
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn515580