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Oral history interview with Ursula Pawel

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 2004.481 | RG Number: RG-50.030.0488

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    Oral history interview with Ursula Pawel


    Interview Summary
    Ursula Pawel (née Lenneberg), born in 1926 in Aplerbeck, Dortmund, Germany, discusses her childhood; the discrimination against Jews in Germany from 1933 to 1942; the complexities of family life with her mother Lina, who converted to Judaism, and her father Otto, an assimilated Jew; her status as a Mischlinge; her deportation in 1942 to Theresienstadt; life in Theresienstadt between 1942 and 1944 with her father and younger brother; the deportation of her father to Auschwitz in 1944 and her convincing him that she and her brother should go as well; her notification while in Auschwitz that her father and brother had been gassed; her transfers to Kudowa-Sackisch (Kudowa Zdrój), Poland in December 1944 and then Merzdorf (Marciszów, Poland) in December 1944; her liberation on May 8, 1945; going on a 500-mile bicycle ride home to find her mother and other relatives; her experiences in the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration displaced persons camp in Deggendorf, Germany; and her and her mother's immigration to the United States in June 1947.
    Ms. Ursula L. Pawel
    Ringelheim, Dr. Joan
    interview:  2004 September 09
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation

    Physical Details

    Oral histories.
    10 videocasettes (Betacam SP) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Personal Name
    Pawel, Ursula, 1926-

    Administrative Notes

    The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Oral History Branch conducted the interview with Ursula Pawel (b. Lenneberg) on September 9, 2004. The interview was received by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Archives in September 2004.
    Funding Note
    The production of this interview was made possible by Jeff and Toby Herr.
    The cataloging of this oral history interview has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 08:03:09
    This page:

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