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Oral history interview with Steven Fenves

Oral History | Accession Number: 2005.85 | RG Number: RG-50.030.0494

Steven Fenves, born in 1931 in Subotica, Serbia, discusses his childhood and the Subotica Jewish community; the day when Germany attacked Yugoslavia; the Hungarian occupation of Yugoslavia and the confiscation of his family's property; being forced to quarter Hungarian troops in his family's apartment; antisemitic laws and discrimination against Croats and Serbs during the Hungarian occupation; the changes that occurred when Germany occupied Hungary; his father's deportation to a village called Bačka Topola; being forced into the Subotica ghetto; his deportation to Auschwitz and being separated from his mother, whom he never saw again; life in the children's barracks at Auschwitz; being picked to be a translator because of his knowledge of German; his involvement in the black market at Auschwitz; his deportation to Niederorschel, a subcamp of Buchenwald; a death march from Niederorschel to Buchenwald; the liberation of Buchenwald by American forces; returning to Subotica and reuniting with his sister and father; his father's death three months after his return; returning to school in Subotica and life in Yugoslavia under communism; going to school in Paris, France; and immigrating to the United States.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Steven J. Fenves Ph.D.
Joan Ringelheim
interview:  2005 March 25
Oral histories.
9 videocasettes (Betacam SP) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:36:51
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