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Antisemitic children's rhyme and picture book

Object | Accession Number: 2016.184.221

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    Antisemitic children's rhyme and picture book
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    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    Notorious antisemitic children's book, Trust No Fox in the Green Meadow and No Jew on his Oath [English translation], in case, with illustrations by Fips and nursery rhymes by Elvira Bauer. It was published by Stürmer Verlag, a division of the viciously anti-Jewish newspaper, Der Stürmer, owned by Nazi Party stalwart Julius Streicher. Fips was the pen name of Philip Rupprecht, the paper's well known antisemitic cartoonist. The author, Elvira Bauer, an 18 year old German kindergarten teacher, wrote the book to explain Nazi racial ideology and expose Jews as evil creatures who can not be trusted. The title refers to a quote from Martin Luther's 1543 pamphlet, Von den Juden and ihren Lügen [On the Jews and their Lies.] Bauer's later history is unknown. Fips and Streicher were arrested by the US Army in May 1945. Fips was tried by a German denazification court and sentenced to six years hard labor. Streicher was tried by the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg, convicted, and executed per the ruling that his repeated articles calling for the annihilation of the Jewish race were a direct indictment to murder and a crime against humanity. The book is one of the more than 900 items in the Katz Ehrenthal Collection of antisemitic artifacts and visual materials.
    Title
    Ein Bilderbuch für Gross und Klein
    Alternate Title
    Trau keinem Fuchs auf grüner Heid und keinem Jud bei seinem Eid! : ein Bilderbuch für Gross und Klein, 3. Aufl.
    Date
    publication:  1936
    Geography
    publication: Nuremberg (Germany)
    manufacture: Leipzig (Germany)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Katz Family
    Contributor
    Compiler: Peter Ehrenthal
    Author: Elvira Bauer
    Illustrator: Fips
    Publisher: Der Stu?rmer
    Biography
    The Katz Ehrenthal Collection is a collection of more than 900 objects depicting Jews and antisemitic and anti-Jewish propaganda from the medieval to the modern era, in Europe, Russia, and the United States. The collection was amassed by Peter Ehrenthal, a Romanian Holocaust survivor, to document the pervasive history of anti-Jewish hatred in Western art, politics and popular culture. It includes crude folk art as well as pieces created by Europe's finest craftsmen, prints and periodical illustrations, posters, paintings, decorative art, and toys and everyday household items decorated with depictions of stereotypical Jewish figures.
    Phillipp Rupprecht (1900-1975) was born in Nuremberg, Germany. He served in the German Navy during World War I. In 1920, he left Germany for Argentina, where he worked as a waiter and cowboy for several years. In the mid-1920s, he returned to Germany and worked as a cartoonist for the Fränkischen Tagespost, a Socialist newspaper. After drawing a cartoon of the Lord Mayor of Nuremberg, Hermann Luppe, Rupprecht was hired as an illustrator for the antisemitic newspaper Der Stürmer, by Julius Streicher, publisher of the paper and a regional leader of the Nazi party. While there, Rupprecht worked under the pen name Fips and became known for his variations on the antisemitic stereotype of the bearded, bulging eyed, large-nosed Jew. In 1938, he illustrated the antisemitic children's book, Der Giftpilz (The Poison Mushroom), published by the Stürmer publishing house. He joined the German Navy in 1939, but was released to create propaganda for the Nazi party. Rupprecht stayed at the paper until the last issue was published on February 22, 1945, and his career ended with the defeat of Germany in May. After the war, Rupprecht was captured by the United States Army and held in the 7th Army Internee Camp #74 in Ludwigsburg, Germany. He was put on trial as part of the de-Nazification process and sentenced to six years hard labor. Rupprecht was released from Eichstätt prison on October 23, 1950. He married twice, had four children, and worked in Munich as a painter and decorator until his death.

    Physical Details

    Language
    German
    Physical Description
    Children's book in red slip case ; in verse with 21 color illustrations by Fips; Sutterlin script printed in red and black ; 44 pages ; [3rd edition], 20 x 25 cm. [7.875 x 9.875 in.]
    Title page: Ein Bilderbuch für Gross und Klein von Elvira Bauer 3 Auflage 41.-50. Tausend Stürmer-Verlag Nürnberg
    Notes: Alle Rechte Vorbehalten / Copyright 1936 by Verlag "Der Stürmer", Nürnberg / Printed in Germany, Made in Germany ; Back cover: small image of a Star of David enclosing a malignant looking Jewish man's face above the phrase: Ohne Sösung der Judentrage - seine Ersölung der Menscheit [To solve the Jewish problem is the salvation of Mankind.]
    Materials
    overall : paper, ink

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Personal Name
    Fips, 1900-1975.

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The book was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2016 by the Katz Family.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Special Collection
    Katz Ehrenthal Collection
    Record last modified:
    2022-07-28 18:12:39
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn538392

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