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19th century illustration of Jewish refugees waiting to immigrate

Object | Accession Number: 2016.184.225

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    19th century illustration of Jewish refugees waiting to immigrate
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    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    Newsprint illustration, Judische Emigraten in Brody (Galizien), Jewish emigrants in Brody (Galicia) with 6 detailed, captioned vignettes of Jewish life in Brody, circa 1882, when it was a gateway to the west for thousands of Jews seeking to leave Eastern Europe. By May 1882, there were around 12,000 Jewish refugees in Brody. In 1772, Brody was annexed by the Austro-Hungarian Empire; from 1919-1939, it was part of Poland, and since the end of the war in 1945, it has been part of Ukraine. In 1880, Jews made up 75 percent of the population and it was an intellectual center and a thriving trading hub. As a border town, Brody was a central passageway for Jews escaping pogroms in Russia, intending to immigrate to America or Western Europe. The illustration is one of the more than 900 items in the Katz Ehrenthal Collection of antisemitic artifacts and visual materials.
    Date
    publication/distribution:  1882
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Katz Family
    Markings
    front, bottom, black ink : Judische Emigranien in Brody (Galizien). Originalzeidmung von D. Katzler.
    front, bottom, pencil : 1882
    Contributor
    Compiler: Peter Ehrenthal
    Biography
    The Katz Ehrenthal Collection is a collection of more than 900 objects depicting Jews and antisemitic and anti-Jewish propaganda from the medieval to the modern era, in Europe, Russia, and the United States. The collection was amassed by Peter Ehrenthal, a Romanian Holocaust survivor, to document the pervasive history of anti-Jewish hatred in Western art, politics and popular culture. It includes crude folk art as well as pieces created by Europe's finest craftsmen, prints and periodical illustrations, posters, paintings, decorative art, and toys and everyday household items decorated with depictions of stereotypical Jewish figures.

    Physical Details

    Language
    German
    Classification
    Art
    Category
    Illustrations
    Physical Description
    Engraving in black ink on newsprint with 6 detailed, realistic vignettes of the daily activities of Jewish refugees waiting to immigrate. All are group scenes, and most have a recurring figure of an older, bearded man with a cane in a Haredi shtreimel, a fur hat worn by married Orthodox, usually Hasidic, Jewish men. The scenes are arranged in 2 columns of 3: top left: Auswandererzug [Emigration]; top right : Eine synagogue Heberge [Synagogue as Shelter]; middle left: Im Bethause [In the house of prayer]; middle left: Lebens mittel vertheilung [Food Distribution]; bottom left: Strafsendiscussion [Discussing penalties]; bottom right: Segen zum Abscheite [Goodbye Blessings]
    Dimensions
    overall: Height: 13.000 inches (33.02 cm) | Width: 9.000 inches (22.86 cm)
    Materials
    overall : newsprint, ink

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The illustration was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2016 by the Katz Family.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Special Collection
    Katz Ehrenthal Collection
    Record last modified:
    2024-04-29 07:55:14
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn538412

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