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Prints of Joseph Süss Oppenheimer hanging in his cage on the gallows

Object | Accession Number: 2016.184.238

Two prints, one a text only sheet with historical background for the other, a colored engraving of Joseph Süss Oppenheimer (1698-1738) in the cage made to hang and display his body after his execution on January 4, 1738, in Stuttgart, Germany. The undated engravings are from a three page publication issued by Johann Andreas Mattsperger around the time of the execution. Oppenheimer, known as Joseph or Jud Süss, was a Jewish banker who administered the finances of Duke Karl Alexander of Wurttemberg, enriching the Duke and himself. Others were envious and resentful of his success, feelings increased by his actions, such as granting contracts to Jews and easing settlement restrictions. When the Duke died unexpectedly in March 1737, Oppenheimer was arrested, tried for fraud and treason, and sentenced to death. A huge crowd watched the hanging and the body was left hanging in public for six years. In 1939, a film, Jud Süss, was produced by Goebbels's Nazi Propaganda Ministry. The inflammatory, antisemitic film portrayed Jew Süss as a grotesquely exaggerated, greedy, unscrupulous Jewish businessman who rapes a non-Jewish woman. The film was a major success throughout Europe. The print is one of more than 900 items in the Katz Ehrenthal Collection of antisemitic artifacts and visual materials.

Artwork Title
The hanging of Joseph Suss Oppenheimer
depiction:  1738 January 04
publication/distribution:  1738
publication: Augsburg (Germany)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Katz Family
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 18:30:21
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