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Anti-Dreyfus journal cover about Jews conspiring with the German Army

Object | Accession Number: 2016.184.312 a-b

Cover of Psst...!, an antisemitic, anti-Dreyfus satirical journal founded in 1898 by Caran d'Ache, at the height of the Dreyfus Affair. This cover from August 19, 1899, directs the satires and incites outrage at the treasonous links between Zola, Jews, and the German military supposedly exposed by the scandal. Caran D'Ache was the pen name of Emanuel Poire, a Russian born cartoonist who achieved renown in France with his antisemitic, anti-Dreyfus Lundi [Monday] cartoons in the newspaper Le Figaro. This political scandal revolving around antisemitism inflamed late 19th century France. Dreyfus, an army captain, was found guilty of treason in 1894 for selling military secrets to Germany. He was used by politicians and the press as a symbol of the disloyalty and treachery of all French Jews. Zola wrote a letter, J'Accuse, to protest the verdict, accusing the French Army of a cover up. Zola was charged with libel and the Dreyfus Affair grew into a national political crisis. An Army officer was found to have forged the document proving Dreyfus's guilt. But in a second trial, despite the traitor's confession, the Army again convicted Dreyfus. The verdict was met with outrage and the president pardoned Dreyfus to end the crisis. The magazine cover is one of the more than 900 items in the Katz Ehrenthal Collection of antisemitic artifacts and visual materials.

Artwork Title
Le Regiment Dreyfus, Psst...!, August 19, 1899
publication:  1899 August 19
publication: Paris (France)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Katz Family
Record last modified: 2020-09-17 10:43:11
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