Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Color illustration of Dreyfus waiting for the 2nd court martial verdict

Object | Accession Number: 2016.184.313

Courtroom portrait of Alfred Dreyfus awaiting the verdict in his August-September 1899 court martial trial in Rennes, France. The Dreyfus Affair was a political scandal revolving around antisemitism that inflamed late 19th century France. Dreyfus was an army captain found guilty of treason in 1894 for selling military secrets. Antisemitic publications used Dreyfus as a symbol of the disloyalty and treachery of all French Jews. In 1896, another man was tried and acquitted of the crime. Emile Zola wrote a letter, J'Accuse, to protest the verdict, accusing the French Army of a cover up. Zola was charged with libel and the Dreyfus Affair grew into a national political crisis. An Army officer was found to have forged the document proving Dreyfus's guilt. But in this second trial at Rennes, despite the confession of the traitor, the Army again convicted Dreyfus. The verdict was met with outrage around the world. The President pardoned Dreyfus to end the crisis. The lithograph is one of the more than 900 items in the Katz Ehrenthal Collection of antisemitic artifacts and visual materials.

Artwork Title
At Rennes, Vanity Fair, Septembet 7, 1899
publication:  1899 September 07
publication: New York (N.Y.)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Katz Family
Record last modified: 2023-09-15 10:17:30
This page: