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Caricature of Baron Nathan Rothschild as a dog digging for gold at Waterloo

Object | Accession Number: 2016.184.326

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    Caricature of Baron Nathan Rothschild as a dog digging for gold at Waterloo
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    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    Poster with a caricature of Nathan Mayer Rothschild with his head on the body of a dog digging for gold coins in Waterloo, battleground of France's greatest defeat at the time. Nathan had secured funding for Wellington's troops. The poster was part of Musee des Horreurs, an antisemitic series featuring 52 vicious caricatures of well known Jews and others involved in the Dreyfus Affair. It was produced in 1899-1900 by an artist under the pseudonym V. Lenepveu. The Rothschild family was not involved in the Dreyfus scandal, and Nathan had died in 1836, but their prominence made them targets of the anti-Jewish fanaticism engulfing France. The Dreyfus Affair was a political scandal revolving around antisemitism that inflamed France in the late 19th century. Alfred Dreyfus was an army captain found guilty of treason in 1894 for selling French military secrets to the Germans. Antisemitic publications used Dreyfus as a symbol of the disloyalty of all French Jews. In 1896, another man was tried and acquitted of the same crime. Emile Zola, a prominent author and journalist, wrote a letter to protest the verdict, titled "J'Accuse," in which he accused the French Army of covering up its unjust conviction of Dreyfus. Zola was charged with libel and the Dreyfus Affair grew into a national political crisis. An Army intelligence officer was found to have forged the document proving Dreyfus's guilt. But in a second trial at Rennes, despite the confession of the traitor, Esterhazy, the Army again convicted Dreyfus. On September 9, he was sentenced to prison for another ten years. The verdict was met with outrage around the world, and there were threats to boycott the World's Fair in Paris in 1900. Dreyfus was offered a pardon by the president to end the crisis, which he accepted September 19. The poster is one of the more than 900 items in the Katz Ehrenthal Collection of antisemitic artifacts and visual materials.
    Title
    Nathan Mayer au l'origine des milliards, No. 42
    Series Title
    Musee des Horreurs
    Date
    publication:  1900
    Geography
    publication: Paris (France)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Katz Family
    Markings
    front, top left, black ink : MUSÉE / DES / HORREURS
    front, top right, black ink : No.42 / Nathan Mayer / au l'origine des milliards [No.42 / Nathan Mayer / at the origin of the billions]
    front, bottom left, black ink : Prochainement: / KARL,JAMES,SALOMON, / LIONEL,ALPHONSE,LÉONORA, / HENRI, UN ANARCHISTE, etc., etc. / Impr. Gérant: LENEPVEU, 58,rue Dulong, PARIS
    front, bottom right, within image, black ink : V. Lenepveu
    front, bottom right, black ink : La collection compléte du MUSÉE des HORREURS / est en vente à l’Administon. 58, rue Dulong; / auBureau de Vente: 10,rue du Croissant
    Contributor
    Compiler: Peter Ehrenthal
    Publisher: Imprimerie Lenepveu
    Artist: V. Lenepveu
    Biography
    The Katz Ehrenthal Collection is a collection of more than 900 objects depicting Jews and antisemitic and anti-Jewish propaganda from the medieval to the modern era, in Europe, Russia, and the United States. The collection was amassed by Peter Ehrenthal, a Romanian Holocaust survivor, to document the pervasive history of anti-Jewish hatred in Western art, politics and popular culture. It includes crude folk art as well as pieces created by Europe's finest craftsmen, prints and periodical illustrations, posters, paintings, decorative art, and toys and everyday household items decorated with depictions of stereotypical Jewish figures.

    Physical Details

    Language
    French
    Classification
    Posters
    Physical Description
    Offset lithograph poster in black ink on light brown paper with handcolored details depicting a caricature of a man’s head on the body of a jackal. He wears a yellow yarmulke, has stringy, white hair, and stereotypical Jewish features: thick eyebrows, hooded eyes, a large, curved nose, a mustache above a fleshy lower lip, and a long, white beard. His head is in quarter right profile, his furry black body with bony haunches and a bushy tail curves behind him to the right. He stands on all fours above a pile of human bones and gold coins marked 20 in a shallow, irregular hole dug into a field with a wooden sign that says Waterloo. He looks down at his left paw pulling coins closer to him, his right front paw resting on a bone. There is French text across the top and bottom. It is adhered to a slightly larger linen backing.
    Dimensions
    overall: Height: 27.375 inches (69.533 cm) | Width: 21.375 inches (54.293 cm)
    Materials
    overall : paper, ink

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The poster was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2016 by the Katz Family.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Special Collection
    Katz Ehrenthal Collection
    Record last modified:
    2022-07-28 18:30:24
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn539591

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