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Poster of an Orthodox Jew balancing Stalin and 1 billion dollars on a scale

Object | Accession Number: 2016.184.333

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    Poster of an Orthodox Jew balancing Stalin and 1 billion dollars on a scale


    Brief Narrative
    Anti-Jewish poster issued in German occupied Serbia in the fall of 1941 for the Grand Anti-Masonic Exhibition in Belgrade from October 22, 1941, to January 19, 1942. It portrays a large, stereotypical Orthodox Jewish man holding a small scale balancing Joseph Stalin against a stack of US dollars and British pounds. The exhibit focused on the alleged Jewish-Communist-Masonic conspiracy to achieve world domination. Jews were portrayed as the source of all evil, which had to be destroyed, along with Jewish controlled countries, such as the Soviet Union and the US, and any outsider groups that opposed Nazi Germany. Yugoslavia was invaded and dismembered by the Axis powers in April 1941. Germany annexed most of Slovenia and placed Serbia under military occupation. The exhibition was organized by the Serbian puppet government of Milan Nedic in collaboration with the German occupiers. This poster is one of more than 900 items in the Katz Ehrenthal Collection of antisemitic visual materials.
    Artwork Title
    Who will be heaviest? No one! Because the Jew holds the scale ...
    Series Title
    Grand Anti-Masonic Exhibition
    publication/distribution:  1941
    distribution: Grand Anti-Masonic Exhibition; Belgrade (Serbia)
    manufacture: Belgrade (Serbia)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Katz Family
    front, bottom left, black ink : OFFSETDRUCK BERANEK BELGRAD
    front, bottom right corner, black ink : 3.000 Pr•B• „S” 28
    front, bottom, black and red ink : ко ће претегнути? / нико! јер јеврејин држи равнотежу… / посетите / антимасонску изложбу / на ћете се уверити [Who will be heaviest? No one! Because the Jew is holding the scale! Visit the Anti-Masonic Exhibit, and you will see for yourself.]
    Compiler: Peter Ehrenthal
    The Katz Ehrenthal Collection is a collection of more than 900 objects depicting Jews and antisemitic and anti-Jewish propaganda from the medieval to the modern era, in Europe, Russia, and the United States. The collection was amassed by Peter Ehrenthal, a Romanian Holocaust survivor, to document the pervasive history of anti-Jewish hatred in Western art, politics and popular culture. It includes crude folk art as well as pieces created by Europe's finest craftsmen, prints and periodical illustrations, posters, paintings, decorative art, and toys and everyday household items decorated with depictions of stereotypical Jewish figures.

    Physical Details

    Physical Description
    Color offset lithograph poster on light brown paper with a caricature of an oversize, stereotyped, Orthodox Jewish man, dressed in black with a black yarmulke, a large, bulbous nose, white sidelocks, mustache, and long beard, filling the top three-quarters of the poster. He looks greedily at a balance scale held in his right hand. The right scale bowl holds stacks of British pounds, dollar coins, banknotes, and a bag with 1,000,000,000 on it. A black haired, mustached miniature man in a gray/green uniform with a red star, and a holstered gun, Joseph Stalin, stands in the left bowl, looking at the money, holding the scale suspension ropes. At the bottom is a light brown panel with text in Serbian in black and red ink. It is adhered to slightly larger linen backing. For another version of this poster, see 2009.367.2
    overall: Height: 27.750 inches (70.485 cm) | Width: 18.500 inches (46.99 cm)
    overall : paper, ink, linen, adhesive

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    The poster was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2016 by the Katz Family.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Special Collection
    Katz Ehrenthal Collection
    Record last modified:
    2022-07-28 18:13:32
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