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Poster with a cartoon of an Orthodox Jew leading a march of Jewish men

Object | Accession Number: 2016.184.342

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    Poster with a cartoon of an Orthodox Jew leading a march of Jewish men


    Brief Narrative
    Antisemitic propaganda poster issued in German occupied Serbia in the fall of 1941 for the Grand Anti-Masonic Exhibition held in Belgrade from October 22, 1941, to January 19, 1942. This poster shows an angry Orthodox Jewish man marching at the front of a long formation of Orthodox and assimilated Jewish men. The exhibit focused on the alleged Jewish-Communist-Masonic conspiracy to achieve world domination. Jews were portrayed as the source of all evil, which had to be destroyed, along with Jewish controlled countries, such as the Soviet Union and the US, and any outsider groups that opposed Nazi Germany. Yugoslavia was invaded and dismembered by the Axis powers in April 1941. Germany annexed most of Slovenia and placed Serbia under military occupation. The exhibition was organized by the Serbian puppet government of Milan Nedic in collaboration with the German occupiers. This poster is one of more than 900 items in the Katz Ehrenthal Collection of antisemitic visual materials.
    Artwork Title
    Be Careful. They’re coming...
    Series Title
    Grand Anti-Masonic Exhibition
    publication/distribution:  1941
    distribution: Grand Anti-Masonic Exhibition; Belgrade (Serbia)
    manufacture: Belgrade (Serbia)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Katz Family
    front, in the banner, red and black ink : ..ОПРЕЗ.. / Они Долазе… [..Be Careful.. They’re Coming…]
    front, bottom left, black ink : Пр. Бгд. [Pr. Bgd.]
    front, bottom right, black ink : Pr. Bg.21 XB2.1.
    Compiler: Peter Ehrenthal
    The Katz Ehrenthal Collection is a collection of more than 900 objects depicting Jews and antisemitic and anti-Jewish propaganda from the medieval to the modern era, in Europe, Russia, and the United States. The collection was amassed by Peter Ehrenthal, a Romanian Holocaust survivor, to document the pervasive history of anti-Jewish hatred in Western art, politics and popular culture. It includes crude folk art as well as pieces created by Europe's finest craftsmen, prints and periodical illustrations, posters, paintings, decorative art, and toys and everyday household items decorated with depictions of stereotypical Jewish figures.

    Physical Details

    Political posters.
    Physical Description
    Offset color lithograph poster on light brown paper with the cartoon of a bearded, Orthodox Jewish man leading a marching column of Jewish men in business attire and Orthodox dress. He is in the front center in a yarmulke with a Star of David and a gray robe. He has thick eyebrows angrily angled over beady eyes, a huge nose, and bared teeth. His bony hand extends over a yellow banner with Serbian text. The men behind him have thick eyebrows, big noses, and fleshy lips, and wear black suits with top hats or derbies. The remaining figures are dark gray semi-circles, indistinct forms in a long receding gray column. The background is shaded in a red gradient with black hatch marks in the front bottom. The poster is adhered to slightly larger linen backing.
    overall: Height: 27.250 inches (69.215 cm) | Width: 19.625 inches (49.848 cm)
    overall : paper, ink, linen, adhesive

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Geographic Name
    Belgrade (Serbia)

    Administrative Notes

    The poster was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2016 by the Katz Family.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Special Collection
    Katz Ehrenthal Collection
    Record last modified:
    2022-07-28 18:30:29
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