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Poster of a German soldier attacking a Jewish Soviet soldier killing civilians

Object | Accession Number: 2016.184.361

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    Poster of a German soldier attacking a Jewish Soviet soldier killing civilians
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    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    Antisemitic, anti-Soviet German propaganda poster distributed in contested Polish and Ukrainian war zones between 1941 and 1944. It features a giant German soldier attacking a grotesque, giant Jewish Soviet soldier slaughtering civilians. In September 1939, Germany and the Soviet Union invaded and divided Poland, which included Ukraine, per the Ribbentrop-Molotov Pact. On June 22, 1941, Germany broke the pact and invaded the Soviet Union. To frighten and gain the support of the local populations, Germany produced graphic propaganda showing Soviets and Jews committing horrible acts against civilians, especially children and women. It also emphasized the Soviet Union’s role as an aggressor nation advancing the Jewish-Bolshevik conspiracy to control the world. This poster is one of more than 900 items in the Katz Ehrenthal Collection of anti-Semitic visual materials.
    Artwork Title
    Death to the Murderous Jewish Bolshevik Plague
    Date
    publication/distribution:  approximately 1941-approximately 1944
    Geography
    distribution: Ukraine
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Katz Family
    Markings
    front, top, red ink : Смерть [Death]
    front, bottom, red ink : ЖИДІВСЬКО- БОЛЬШеВИЦЬКіЙ / заразі мордування! [to the Jewish-Bolshevik murderous plague!]
    front, bottom right, black ink : 90054/f
    Contributor
    Compiler: Peter Ehrenthal
    Biography
    The Katz Ehrenthal Collection is a collection of more than 900 objects depicting Jews and antisemitic and anti-Jewish propaganda from the medieval to the modern era, in Europe, Russia, and the United States. The collection was amassed by Peter Ehrenthal, a Romanian Holocaust survivor, to document the pervasive history of anti-Jewish hatred in Western art, politics and popular culture. It includes crude folk art as well as pieces created by Europe's finest craftsmen, prints and periodical illustrations, posters, paintings, decorative art, and toys and everyday household items decorated with depictions of stereotypical Jewish figures.

    Physical Details

    Language
    Ukrainian
    Classification
    Posters
    Category
    War propaganda
    Physical Description
    Offset color lithograph poster on light brown paper of an oversized German soldier lunging forward, swinging his rifle butt at an oversized, bare chested, brawny Soviet soldier with the bloody, limp bodies of children, women, and a man in civilian clothes impaled on his bayonet. The square jawed German soldier wears a helmet and green combat fatigues. The other soldier wears a garrison cap with a red Soviet star and red pants, with a bloody sword at his waist. He has exagerrated Jewish features: thick eyebrows, a large, hooked nose, big pointed ears, and red fleshy lips, with monstrous details: hairy arms, long, pointed fingernails, and fangs, and his white breath expels as a long, forked tongue. He is crouching low to the ground and snarling at the German to his left. On the landscape beneath the German is an untouched, bright industrial town. Beneath the Soviet, a town is engulfed by flames against a black background. There is Ukrainian text at the top and bottom.
    Dimensions
    overall: Height: 46.000 inches (116.84 cm) | Width: 34.000 inches (86.36 cm)
    Materials
    overall : paper, ink

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The poster was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2016 by the Katz Family.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Special Collection
    Katz Ehrenthal Collection
    Record last modified:
    2022-07-28 18:30:32
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn543886

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