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Poster of a Jewish Soviet soldier aiming a gun over a massacre

Object | Accession Number: 2016.184.364

German anti-Soviet, anti-Jewish propaganda poster issued in the contested regions of Poland and Ukraine in 1943. It shows a disembodied Jewish Soviet soldier aiming a revolver at the viewer, and looming over a group of Ukrainian women standing amidst piles of dead bodies. The poster refers to mass executions carried out by the Soviet government in Vinnitsa (Vinnytsia] Ukraine in 1937 and 1938 as part of the Yezhov terror, a campaign of political, civilian repression. During the war, Germany sought instances of Soviet perpetrated violence against Ukrainians and local non-Jewish populations to exploit as graphic propaganda that would turn the locals against the Soviets and frighten them into supporting Germany. From May to July 1943, German forces exhumed 66 mass graves of murdered civilians near Vinnitsa. The Germans then linked this to the always looming threat of the Jewish Bolshevik conspiracy to dominate the world and crush those who opposed them. This poster is one of more than 900 items in the Katz Ehrenthal Collection of anti-Semitic visual materials.

Artwork Title
вінниця
Alternate Title
Vinnitsa
Date
1943  (publication/distribution)
Geography
distribution : Ukraine
distribution : Poland
Language
Ukrainian
German
Classification
Posters
Category
War propaganda
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Katz Family
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Record last modified: 2018-01-11 14:25:59
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn543893