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Satiric print of Jewish men orchestrating the war

Object | Accession Number: 2016.184.376

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    Satiric print of Jewish men orchestrating the war
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    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    Reprint of an illustration, Nervous Warriors, from a pro-Nazi Party magazine, Kladderadatsch, of caricatured Jewish men waging war with a minefield of chamberpots and weapons consisting of newspapers and musical instruments. It was published in a 1944 issue of Kladderadatsch, an illustrated satirical magazine issued in Berlin, Germany, from 1848-1944. The magazine was a popular success with the middle class from the start, and like its audience, grew more conservative over the years. Under editor Paul Warncke (1909-1933), it was strongly nationalistic, praising Hitler for his patriotism after the 1923 Munich Putsch. It grew increasingly antisemitic, and was an energetic supporter of Hitler and the Nazi Party. This print is one of more than 900 items in the Katz Ehrenthal Collection of antisemitic visual materials.
    Artwork Title
    Nervenkrieger
    Alternate Title
    Nervous Warriors
    Date
    publication/distribution:  1944 July 30
    Geography
    publication: Berlin (Germany)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Katz Family
    Markings
    front, top center, black ink: NERVENKRIEGER [Nervous warriors]
    front, bottom corners, black ink : Kladderadatsch [Scandal]
    Signature
    front, top right corner, black ink : HeHo" / 44
    Contributor
    Compiler: Peter Ehrenthal
    Publisher: Kladderadatsch
    Publisher: A. Hofmann & Comp.
    Publisher: Stinnes Company
    Biography
    The Katz Ehrenthal Collection is a collection of more than 900 objects depicting Jews and antisemitic and anti-Jewish propaganda from the medieval to the modern era, in Europe, Russia, and the United States. The collection was amassed by Peter Ehrenthal, a Romanian Holocaust survivor, to document the pervasive history of anti-Jewish hatred in Western art, politics and popular culture. It includes crude folk art as well as pieces created by Europe's finest craftsmen, prints and periodical illustrations, posters, paintings, decorative art, and toys and everyday household items decorated with depictions of stereotypical Jewish figures.

    Physical Details

    Language
    German
    Classification
    Art
    Category
    Illustrations
    Physical Description
    Print of an illustration depicting 1 side of a battlefield with caricatured Jewish males directing unseen forces. Most of the men have dark curly hair, fleshy lips, and prominent noses, and many wear suits and eyeglasses. They are grouped behind a front line of steaming chamberpots. The center line consists of giant fountain pens held like rifles by very short men in a trench. On the right, a man with a film camera and 1 with a kite stand near 2 men beating a large drum. The rearguard is the artillery, consisting of enormous rolled up newspapers and phonograph horns emitting quacking ducks. In the back left, a man in working clothes walks toward the battle carrying bulging sacks of money. The print is torn and stained and in a brown wooden frame under glass.
    Dimensions
    overall: Height: 12.375 inches (31.433 cm) | Width: 16.500 inches (41.91 cm)
    Materials
    overall : paper, ink

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The print was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2016 by the Katz Family.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Special Collection
    Katz Ehrenthal Collection
    Record last modified:
    2023-05-24 09:49:20
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn543945

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