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Grand Virginia Reel and the Scamperdown at the White House Washington

Object | Accession Number: 2016.184.382

This lithograph was created in 1836 as a satirical commentary on United States President Andrew Jackson's conflict with French King Louis Philippe over the Treaty of 1831, and the French reparations due to the US. Edward Clay and Henry Robinson, both of whom were prominent political cartoonists and regular critics of Jackson, produced the piece. In this cartoon, the French King has fallen at Jackson’s feet, while trying to keep pace as the President dances to the Cabinet’s music. Jackson celebrates receiving long-sought reparations from a reluctant France by holding aloft a moneybag so that the audience of international leaders can see his success. In addition to demanding reparations, Jackson was also an opponent of entrenched banking interests, an issue alluded to by figure 24’s commentary about “profits.” This figure, Rothschild, could be any of the leading members of the large, prosperous Rothschild family that dominated international banking in Europe. He is depicted with a large nose, thick eyebrows, and hooded eyes; all stereotypical antisemitic features commonly attributed to Jews. Rothschild’s comment furthers the antisemitic stereotype of the greedy Jew who exploits Gentiles for their own economic advantage, and Jewish control of finance. These stereotypes originate from the economic and professional restrictions placed on early European Jews, which forced many into occupations such as money changing or lending and banking. The lithograph is one of more than 900 items in the Katz Ehrenthal Collection of antisemitic artifacts and visual materials.

Date
publication/distribution:  1836 February
Geography
publication: New York (N.Y.)
Classification
Art
Category
Prints
Object Type
Lithographs (aat)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Katz Family
 
Record last modified: 2021-04-08 12:05:36
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn544025