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Front page of a Polish magazine with a caricature of a Rabbi

Object | Accession Number: 2016.184.391

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    Front page of a Polish magazine with a caricature of a Rabbi
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    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    Cover of a Polish humor magazine, Zagłoba, with a satirical caricature and commentary on Jews as foreigners. Their foreignness is emphasized by not speaking Polish or Russian. An article on the reverse page claims that Jews often speak about their plans to gain wealth and power. The double-sided sheet is from the October 4, 1919 edition of Zagłoba, edited by Wacław Jeziorowski, who was also the editor of the periodical, Muchy. Zagłoba shares its name with Jan Onufry Zagłoba, a patriotic character from the popular 19th-century Polish series, The Trilogy. Satirical humor magazines were popular throughout Europe in the first part of the 20th century. Censorship by occupying powers during World War I (1914-1918) led to the creation of many illegal National Democratic periodicals that attacked the occupiers, especially in Poland. Following the war, many of these periodicals increased in circulation, and often expressed a fear of Jewish economic and political domination. Many Polish nationalists perceived Jews who spoke their own languages as foreign threats to the often-partitioned Polish State and a unified Polish identity. This illustration of foreign Jews - in combination with an article about Jewish wealth and power - is common antisemitic rhetoric that reflects the long-standing myth that Jews use their communal presence, power, and influence to manipulate and control other nations for their own benefit. This myth was popularized by the widespread publication of the fabricated antisemitic text, The Protocols of the Elders of Zion. The myth was also popular in places where large groups of Jewish refugees gathered following violent pogroms in Russia between the 1880s and 1920s. This cover is one of the more than 900 items in the Katz Ehrenthal Collection of antisemitic artifacts and visual materials.
    Title
    Mowa Rabina
    Alternate Title
    Rabbi’s Speech
    Date
    publication/distribution:  1919 October 04
    Geography
    publication: Warsaw (Poland)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Katz Family
    Markings
    front, top, masthead, printed, black ink : Warszawa, d. 4 października 1919 r. Redakcja: ul. Hoża 36. Cena 80 fen. [Warsaw, October 4, 1919 Editorial office: 36 Hoża street Price 80 cents]
    front, top, masthead, printed, black ink: ZAGŁOBA No. 40 / Redaktor W. JEZIOROWSKI. / PRENUMERATA / Kwartalnie 9 mk. / za odnoszenie 50 f. / Na prowincji 10 mk. [ZAGŁOBA Number 40 / Editor Waclaw JEZIOROWSKI. / SUBSCRIPTION / Quarterly 9 marks / for retrieving 50 cents / 10 marks in the province]

    front, center, image title, printed, black ink : MOWA RABINA. [Rabbi’s Speech]
    front, within image, center, text balloons, printed, black ink : DAWNY URZEDOWY / “MI - RUSSKIJE!” / JETZT NIX RUSSISCH / POLSKI / HEBRAJSKI / ŻARGON [FORMER OFFICE / WE - RUSSIANS! / NOW NO RUSSIAN / POLISH / HEBREW / JARGON
    front, below image, printed, black ink : Niech żydowska nam Warszawa, da coprędzej równe prawa, my im zato, alle / beide, bolszewicką zrobim frajdę. [Let the Jewish Warsaw give us equal rights soon, we will stop them, I will have fun on the Bolshevik.]
    front, right side margin, printed, black ink : Cukiernia Ziemiańska Albrecht i Skępski / KREDYTOWA 9, róg Jasnej. Filja: MAZOWIECKA 12. [Ziemiańska Confectionery Albrecht and Skępski / corner of Kredytowa and Jasna Street / Branch: MAZOWIECKA 12.]

    back, top, printed, black ink: ZAGŁOBA – POLSKI HUMOR No. 40 / Cenzura niemiecka zabroniła drukować! / Przeczytajcie wszyscy / I dajcie do przeczytania swoim znajomym, / wkładajac na nich moralny obowiązek dalszego / rozpowszechniania. [ZAGLOBA-POLISH HUMOR No. 40 / German censorship forbids printing! /
    Everyone read / and have your friends / read it, putting them under the moral obligation of further / dissemination.]

    back, center, printed, black ink : Mowa wielkiego rabina, / wygłoszona na zebraniu tajnem przy grobie wielkiego mistrza Kaleba, / świętego rabbiego Symeona, syna Judy. [The speech of the great rabbi, / delivered in a secret meeting at the tomb of the great master Caleb, / the holy rabbi Simeon, son of Judah.]

    back, bottom, printed, black ink : SZANOWNYCH Prenumeratorów prosimy uprzejmie / o niezwłoczne wpłacenie prenumeraty na kwartał IV pod / adresem: Hoża No. 36, „Zagłoba“. [Dear Subscribers, we kindly ask you to immediately pay for the subscription for the fourth quarter at the address: 36 Hoża street, "Zagłoba".]
    Signature
    front, within image, bottom right corner, printed, black ink : illegible signature
    Contributor
    Compiler: Peter Ehrenthal
    Publisher: T. Jankowski
    Editor: Wacław Jeziorowski
    Biography
    The Katz Ehrenthal Collection is a collection of more than 900 objects depicting Jews and antisemitic and anti-Jewish propaganda from the medieval to the modern era, in Europe, Russia, and the United States. The collection was amassed by Peter Ehrenthal, a Romanian Holocaust survivor, to document the pervasive history of anti-Jewish hatred in Western art, politics and popular culture. It includes crude folk art as well as pieces created by Europe's finest craftsmen, prints and periodical illustrations, posters, paintings, decorative art, and toys and everyday household items decorated with depictions of stereotypical Jewish figures.

    Physical Details

    Category
    Periodicals
    Genre/Form
    Prints.
    Physical Description
    Double-sided page removed from a periodical with a large caricature on the front. Polish text is printed in black ink on both sides of thin, tan paper. Centered below the paper’s masthead, the image depicts four Jewish men, an oversized figure flanked by the other three, all holding hands as they walk along a street with a columned building lightly sketched in the background. They are wearing caps, knee-length overcoats and patterned pants. The men have stereotypically curled sidelocks, thick eyebrows, big noses, and fleshy lips. The leftmost figure wears knee-length pants, holds a package, and stands in slight, right-facing profile. To the right, the heavily bearded, oversized man, likely a Rabbi, has exaggeratedly large ears and a hooked nose. He wears a narrow tallit under his overcoat. Five text balloons emerge from his mouth, and he is speaking in Polish, German, and Croatian while discussing other languages. He and the two men to the right are all striding forward in right-facing profile. An illegible signature is in the bottom right corner of the image. The illustration’s title and caption are printed above and below respectively. On the back center, an article about Jewish power and wealth is printed in two columns of Polish text. The publication information is printed along the margins on the front and back. Advertisements are printed sideways along the side margins on the front and back. The paper is heavily worn and discolored, with a length of tape at the center of the top and bottom edges.
    Dimensions
    overall: Height: 11.875 inches (30.163 cm) | Width: 8.875 inches (22.543 cm)
    Materials
    overall : paper, ink, pencil, tape
    Inscription
    back, top left, handwritten, pencil : 1919 / 1876 / 43 1919 / 1919 / 1881 / 28

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Geographic Name
    Warsaw (Poland) Poland.

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The print was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2016 by the Katz Family.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Special Collection
    Katz Ehrenthal Collection
    Record last modified:
    2024-03-04 09:02:12
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn544166

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