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Antisemitic handbill picturing all Jews as traitors who should be shot

Object | Accession Number: 2016.184.422

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    Antisemitic handbill picturing all Jews as traitors who should be shot

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    Brief Narrative
    Special printing of the newsheet L'Antijuif" (anti-Jewish) in Janaury 1899 during the Dreyfus Affair, a political scandal revolving around antisemitism that inflamed France in the late 19th century. The color illustration, captioned :If the Jews would lead the war..." depicts French citizens cheering a military parade while shooting a row of Jews, traitors who caused the coming war against England, a war that never took place. Dreyfus was an army captain found guilty of treason in 1894 for selling French military secrets. Antisemitic publications used him as a symbol of the disloyalty of all French Jews. In 1896, another man was tried and acquitted of the same crime. Emile Zola, a prominent author, wrote a letter to protest the verdict, titled "J'Accuse," in which he accused the French Army of covering up its unjust conviction of Dreyfus. Zola was charged with libel and the Dreyfus Affair grew into a national political crisis. An Army intelligence officer was found to have forged the document proving Dreyfus's guilt, but despite the confession of the actual traitor, the Army again convicted Dreyfus and sentenced him to prison for another ten years. The verdict was met with outrage around the world. Dreyfus was offered a pardon by the president to end the crisis, which he accepted September 19. This newsheet is one of more than 900 items in the Katz Ehrenthal Collection of antisemitic visual materials.
    Le Placard Antijuif, Janury 20, 1899
    publication/distribution:  1899 January 20
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Katz Family
    caption : If the Jews would lead the War / Before the army leaves for the border to defend our country - Death to the traitors that wish to stab us in the back!.
    Compiler: Peter Ehrenthal
    The Katz Ehrenthal Collection is a collection of more than 900 objects depicting Jews and antisemitic and anti-Jewish propaganda from the medieval to the modern era, in Europe, Russia, and the United States. The collection was amassed by Peter Ehrenthal, a Romanian Holocaust survivor, to document the pervasive history of anti-Jewish hatred in Western art, politics and popular culture. It includes crude folk art as well as pieces created by Europe's finest craftsmen, prints and periodical illustrations, posters, paintings, decorative art, and toys and everyday household items decorated with depictions of stereotypical Jewish figures.

    Physical Details

    Object Type
    Handbills (tgm)
    overall: Height: 23.750 inches (60.325 cm) | Width: 17.500 inches (44.45 cm)
    overall : newsprint, ink

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    The newsheet was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2016 by the Katz Family.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Special Collection
    Katz Ehrenthal Collection
    Record last modified:
    2022-07-28 18:30:34
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