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Hand crafted wooden pull toy of a Jewish man praying

Object | Accession Number: 2016.184.566 a-c

Large, hand crafted wooden pull toy with a Jewish figure of a rabbi seated in a chair with an open book before him. When the toy is pulled, the head rocks back and forth and the mouth moves, as if the figure is "davening," the Yiddish word for praying. This type of object is known as a spottfigur [figure of scorn] and this model type was used at religious processions or Church festivals, dating back to Rhenish festivals. The phrase, Nach Leipzig [to Leipzig] is stencilled on the seat. From the early medieval era, Leipzig was a commercial center with a famous annual Grand Fair to which merchants travelled from all over Europe. Jewish attendance and participation was restricted, but many sought to attend. "Nach Leipzig" became a sarcastic phrase referring to the "pushiness" of the Jew. This toy was featured in the first major Judaica exhibition after World War II (1939-1945) in Cologne, Germany, in 1963. The pull toy is one of more than 900 items in the Katz Ehrenthal Collection of antisemitic visual materials.

Date
approximately 1800  (creation)
Geography
creation : Germany?
Language
German
Classification
Toys
Category
Wooden toys
Object Type
Pull toys (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Katz Family
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Record last modified: 2018-06-26 15:31:02
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn544983