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Painted porcelain Fagin with his toasting fork

Object | Accession Number: 2016.184.613

Figurine of Fagin, holding his toasting fork, likely from a series marketed as Capodimonte porcelain, but produced in Germany and distributed in the United States by Ebeling & Reuss Co. Fagin, a character from Charles Dickens’ novel, “Oliver Twist,” is portrayed with a long beard, a large nose, thick eyebrows, and hooded eyes; all stereotypical physical features attributed to Jewish men. In “Oliver Twist,” Fagin is the villainous leader of a gang of children whom he has instructed in the ways of criminality. He attempts to corrupt the protagonist, Oliver, in the same manner. In the novel, Fagin is described in his first scene as hunched over a fire holding a toasting fork, imagery that reinforces the antisemitic stereotype of Jewish associations with the devil, due to its resemblance of a pitchfork. He is repeatedly referred to as “the Jew” in the book and also emphasized as a greedy, miserly, and cowardly character; all traits aligning with common antisemitic stereotypes. However, in a later edition of the novel, Dickens reduced his use of “the Jew,” substituting it for pronouns or other phrases. Even in this later version, Fagin is still repeatedly and negatively referred to as “the Jew,” and remains emblematic of multiple antisemitic canards. Later writings by Dickens portrayed Jews in a more positive light, however, the reprehensible Fagin is his most remembered Jewish character. This figurine is one of the more than 900 items in the Katz Ehrenthal Collection of antisemitic artifacts and visual materials.

Date
manufacture:  after 1920-approximately 1930
Geography
manufacture: Germany
distribution: United States
Language
English
Classification
Decorative Arts
Category
Ceramics
Genre/Form
Figurines.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Katz Family
 
Record last modified: 2022-09-23 14:04:26
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn545049