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Woodcut of the so-called martyrdom of Simon of Trent

Object | Accession Number: 2016.184.715

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    Woodcut of the so-called martyrdom of Simon of Trent


    Brief Narrative
    Single leaf with a woodcut of a blood libel scene from the Nuremberg Chronicle, an early printed work published in Gemany in 1493. This event supposedly took place in 1475 in Trent, Italy, when a a two year old Christian boy named Simon was found dead. Shortly before Simon went missing, an itinerant Franciscan preacher had delivered sermons in Trent vilifying the local Jewish community. The Catholic Church later designated the child Simon as a martyr. Blood libel accusations were one of the oldest antisemitic falsehoods in which a Jewish community or individuals are falsely blamed for killing Christian children in a religious ritual. Over the centuries these claims have resulted in expulsions, executions, and mob attacks against Jews. See 2016.184.457 for another example of this print. This woodcut is one of more than 900 items in the Katz Ehrenthal Collection of antisemitic visual materials.
    Artwork Title
    Martydom of Simon of Trent
    Series Title
    Berta etas Mundi
    publication/distribution:  approximately 1493
    publication: Augsburg (Germany)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Katz Family
    front, top, title, black ink : Berta etas mūdi
    front, top, black ink : Simon beatus tridentin, puerul,. quē ob miraculou frequēntiā b?? appellāt. die mart. rü. kal. ap?ilil / anno ab incarnatione verbi septuagisimoqnto supra millesimū qter cētū in bebdomoda sctā a iudeis / in tridētina ciuitate necat, xpi martir efficit. Judei em ea in urbe degētes pasca suo more celebraturi. cus / xpianū nō haberēt immolādū cui, sanguine in azimis suis uti possent puerū in hūc modū in samuelis cu’ / iusdā iudei domū furtim deportarūt. In sacra bebdomoda ań diē pasce luce terciavespere facto is ań fozel / pźis pueruli moze fedēs. cū nō aderat genitor nec cara pares pditor thobias astitit blanda voce moratus / puer cui, etas nō dū ter decē mēses viderat. fere illico samuel ad edes. Lūqz nox ruit bic gemini saligmā / saniuelqz thobias vitalis moyses ysrabel atz mayer ań synagogā leti ei, pectora nudāt. In eius collo pri / mū nevagire posset sudariolū apposuerūt ? extensis brachiis ṕmo ṕapulū fozpicib,. mox genā dexterā ṕ / cidentes. Inde qsqz forpice carnē zuellit. Sudib, deinde pacut pupurere. cū ille manus alter plantas cō / tinet crudeliter sanguine collecto humonos eor more canetes. addut minisba. accipias suspense ibesu. Fe / cere sicolim maiozes nŕi. Sic zfundant celo terra mariqr xṕicole. Sic caput eius inter vlnas cecidit ? vita li / bera ad superos fecit iter. Inde ad cenas werarūt arimas de sanguine eius in xṕi dedec, ederūt. eoqz mor / tuo statim corpus in winquū domus eo? flumen piecerūt z pasca cū gaudio celebrarūt. Querētes dein / de anxii parētes gnatu paruulū. postridie eū in fluuio muenerūt. Q illico wbis ṕtozi scelus denūciarūt. Is / ṕtor tobānes de salis nobilis bziriensiū ciuis legū doctoz viso puero exbozruit facin, z ofestim vzbis iu / deos ?ṕbendit ? eculeo eos sigillatim imponēs tozmētis a?tricti eo ozdine crime retulerūtt. ? diligēti ex- / aminatione cognito iudeos ?dignis suppliciis exterminauit. ???esul eo tpe vzbis Jo. binderbach colle- / sit extictū corp, ? sepulchro mādat. multis euestigio cepit flozere miracul. Inde ex oi xṕiano orbe pplo? / ?cursus ad fcti huius paruuli sepulchrū est factus vt etiā urbs iṕa cū miraculis ? opibus multis sit aucta / Lo?po?i ?o iṕius pueri tridentim ciues basilicam pulch?am ererere [St. Simon of Trent, a little boy, and his miraculous, frequently called…In the 1475th year of the Incarnation of the Word…killed by Jews in the city of Trent, is made a Christian martyr. The Jews foolishly celebrated…in the Easter season. There is no reason why he should have been sacrificed, blood in the unleavened bread, and they would use this method…secretly brought to a Jew’s house.]
    Compiler: Peter Ehrenthal
    The Katz Ehrenthal Collection is a collection of more than 900 objects depicting Jews and antisemitic and anti-Jewish propaganda from the medieval to the modern era, in Europe, Russia, and the United States. The collection was amassed by Peter Ehrenthal, a Romanian Holocaust survivor, to document the pervasive history of anti-Jewish hatred in Western art, politics and popular culture. It includes crude folk art as well as pieces created by Europe's finest craftsmen, prints and periodical illustrations, posters, paintings, decorative art, and toys and everyday household items decorated with depictions of stereotypical Jewish figures.

    Physical Details

    Object Type
    Wood-engraving (lcsh)
    Physical Description
    Single leaf with Latin text and woodcuts.
    overall: Height: 15.000 inches (38.1 cm) | Width: 9.500 inches (24.13 cm)
    overall : paper, ink

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    The woodcut was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2016 by the Katz Family.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Special Collection
    Katz Ehrenthal Collection
    Record last modified:
    2022-07-28 18:30:39
    This page:

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