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Oral history interview with Jack Steinberger

Oral History | Accession Number: 2017.212.1 | RG Number: RG-50.030.0938

Jack Steinberger, born Hans Jakub Steinberger on May 25, 1921 in Bad Kissingen, Germany, discusses his parents and two brothers; his family’s history in Bavaria; his father’s work as the synagogue’s cantor; the Jewish community in Bad Kissingen; the town of Bad Kissingen; the synagogue’s destruction during Kristallnacht; living in a Gemeindehaus, a house his family shared with two other families involved in the religious activities of the synagogue; growing up in a religious, Orthodox family; experiencing antisemitism in Germany; arriving in Chicago, Illinois when he was twelve years old and experiencing antisemitism; his father’s service in World War I; his father’s education at a Jewish seminary and his mother’s university education; attending school in Bad Kissingen; having non-Jewish friends; his aunts and uncles; Hitler’s influence on German culture even before coming to power; seeing parades of Sturmabteilung (SA) members; how a large portion of his classmates were members of the Hitler Youth and the League of German Girls; his parents’ decision to send him to the United States shortly after Hitler became Chancellor in 1933; leaving for the United States with his older brother with the help of the German Jewish Children's Aid organization; the journey by ship from Bremen, Germany; living with separate foster families outside of Chicago; attending school and its differences with school in Germany; attending the same school as his brother; learning English; his foster father signing an affidavit for his parents’ and younger brother’s visas to the United States; his parents’ purchase of and work at a deli in Chicago; and attending the University of Chicago and studying physics.


Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Interviewee
Steinberger, Jack
Interviewer
Navazelskis, Ina
Date
interview:  2017 January 12
Language
English
Genre/Form
Oral histories.
Extent
1 digital file : WAV.
 
Record last modified: 2022-06-23 09:43:54
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn561474