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Oral history interview with Yefim Chudnovsky

Oral History | Accession Number: 2019.187.1 | RG Number: RG-50.030.1027

Yefim Chudnovsky, born in 1935 in Zvenigorodka, Ukraine, describes his prewar and WWII childhood; having a happy childhood in a big family; the German invasion in 1941; fleeing to the east; crossing the Dnipro River during a bombardment in the summer of 1941; the bombardment in the vicinity of Kirovograd, Ukraine; making it as far as a Stanitsa [Cossack settlement] in Bokovskay, Rostov Region, where they stayed until 1945; surviving the retreat of the Soviet troops to Stalingrad; the occupation and retreat of the Germans; the Axis forces (mostly Romanians and some Italians) occupying Bokovskaya, Russia on July 11, 1941; the capture of his father and the forced labor he did for the Germans; being hidden with his mother, sister, and aunt in different places and with the help of the locals; experiencing some scary moments; his family’s narrow escapes from capture; the Battle of Stalingrad, at which time his father returned but died soon after; the death of his sister; the end of the war; returning to their home, which they found looted; the death of his grandmother and two older brothers during the Holocaust; the death of his mother in 1948; living alone in Zvenigorodka until his graduation; selling his house and moving to Kiev (Kyïv), Ukraine; studying in a technical school; working at a military plant; serving in the army in Moldova; the antisemitism he experienced after he left the army; his son; the Chernobyl disaster in 1986; and immigrating to the United States in 1992.


Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Interviewee
Yefim Chudnovsky
Interviewer
Liliya Meyerovich
Date
interview:  2019 May 01
Language
Russian
Extent
1 digital file : WAV.
 
Record last modified: 2021-01-05 17:24:19
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn699540