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Oral history interview with Julian Kulski

Oral History | Accession Number: 2014.238.1 | RG Number: RG-50.030.0769

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Julian Kulski, born on March 3, 1929 in Warsaw, Poland, discusses his prominent family’s background and childhood; his Jewish ancestry, but being considered non-Jewish by the laws of the time; his parents’ personalities and his father’s political views and career; his father’s time as mayor of Warsaw from 1939-1944; the beginning of the war on September 1, 1939; the fall of Warsaw; his father’s arrest and later work with the occupation government; his and his father’s involvement in the underground; living with his former scoutmaster during the war and becoming a soldier in the underground at the age of 13; activities in the underground and his continued training; his arrest by the Gestapo; his time and torture at Pawiak prison; narrowly avoiding transport to Auschwitz; his scoutmaster’s death; his efforts to steal guns from the Germans and the consequences of his actions; being part of the small group in the Żoliborz district who set the Warsaw Uprising in motion on August 1, 1944; the Warsaw Uprising and surrender; his brief time in the Stalag XI-A prisoner-of-war camp in Germany; his arrival in England and admission to the Polish army; not seeing his family until 1960; suffering from PTSD; his difficult relationship with his uncle; being taken in by an aristocratic woman; attending an elite school in Northern Ireland; attending Oxford from 1947 to 1948 to become an architect; leaving for the United States and attending Yale; his marriage and American citizenship; the effects of his experiences; visiting Warsaw later in life; his family’s postwar life in Poland; his final thoughts on freedom; and attending the 70th anniversary of the Warsaw Uprising.

Interviewee
Julian Kulski
Interviewer
Ina Navazelskis
Date
2014 September 25  (interview)
Language
English
Extent
1 digital file : MPEG-4.
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Record last modified: 2018-08-13 12:50:44
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn86142