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Oral history interview with Cvijan Tovirac

Oral History | Accession Number: 2007.504.2.115 | RG Number: RG-50.586.0115

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Cvijan Tovirac, born in 1922 in Tisina/Bosanski Samac in the former Yugoslavia, describes his arrest along with his neighbors in 1943 by German and Ustaše forces; his transfer to a Ustaše prison in Samac; his transfer via cattle wagons in Sajmiste in Zemun; his transfer to Mauthausen; the deaths of many prisoners due to violence by the Ustaše and starvation; his forced labor in a quarry; his transfer to a castle in Kassel where he was subjected to medical experimentation; his return to Mauthausen; his forced labor to flatten the land; violence committed by the SS guards; a beating by an SS guard that caused him to be placed in the hospital; his return to Mauthausen; the transport of Jews to Mauthausen in 1944 and subsequent executions; terrible conditions in the camp resulting in the death of prisoners from starvation and exhaustion; his transfer to Steurer in 1944; his forced labor cleaning ruins and digging anti-tank trenches; the march returning to Mauthausen; and liberation at Mauthausen by American forces.

Interviewee
Cvijan Tovirac
Date
2010 January 25  (interview)
Language
Serbo-Croatian
Extent
2 videocassettes (DVCAM) : sound, color ; 1/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 11:01:33
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn44759