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Oral history interview with Henry Kolber

Oral History | Accession Number: 1994.A.0436 | RG Number: RG-50.106.0008

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Henry Kolber (b. Hirsch Kolber), born June 6, 1923 in Przysietnica, Poland, discusses his early life in Barcice, Poland; moving with his family to Nowy Sacz, Poland after the German invasion; how the Germans shot and killed 15 Jews and selected 100 other Jews, including his father, to be locked up overnight; working as a grave digger with his father after the Aktions; how he was selected by the Judenrat to go to Rabka, Poland; upon arrival he discovered it was a school to train Ukrainian volunteers to become SS; being assigned work to dig a shooting gallery in the mountains where the new recruits would learn to shoot; covering graves and filling them with dirt and antiseptic; the commander, Rosenbaum, whom he testified against in Hamburg, Germany in 1968; his parents’ deaths in Treblinka; being sent to Krakow to build Plaszow concentration camp; being transferred to Auschwitz; marching in December 1944 in the snow for two days then being taken to Buchenwald by train; living in the barracks with Elie Wiesel; being liberated by American troops; moving to Switzerland with the help of the Red Cross; immigrating to the United States in 1947; and his marriage and children.

Interviewee
Henry Kolber
Interviewer
Gail Schwartz
Date
1994 April 08  (interview)
Language
English
Genre/Form
Oral histories.
Extent
2 sound cassettes (60 min.).
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Record last modified: 2018-05-09 09:19:16
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn504430