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Oral history interview with Henry Kolber

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 1994.A.0436 | RG Number: RG-50.106.0008

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    Oral history interview with Henry Kolber


    Interview Summary
    Henry Kolber (b. Hirsch Kolber), born June 6, 1923 in Przysietnica, Poland, discusses his early life in Barcice, Poland; moving with his family to Nowy Sacz, Poland after the German invasion; how the Germans shot and killed 15 Jews and selected 100 other Jews, including his father, to be locked up overnight; working as a grave digger with his father after the Aktions; how he was selected by the Judenrat to go to Rabka, Poland; upon arrival he discovered it was a school to train Ukrainian volunteers to become SS; being assigned work to dig a shooting gallery in the mountains where the new recruits would learn to shoot; covering graves and filling them with dirt and antiseptic; the commander, Rosenbaum, whom he testified against in Hamburg, Germany in 1968; his parents’ deaths in Treblinka; being sent to Krakow to build Płaszów concentration camp; being transferred to Auschwitz; marching in December 1944 in the snow for two days then being taken to Buchenwald by train; living in the barracks with Elie Wiesel; being liberated by American troops; moving to Switzerland with the help of the Red Cross; immigrating to the United States in 1947; and his marriage and children.
    Mr. Henry Kolber
    Gail Schwartz
    interview:  1994 April 08

    Physical Details

    Oral histories.
    2 sound cassettes (60 min.).

    Rights & Restrictions

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    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Gail Schwartz, on behalf of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, conducted the interview with Ernest Kolben on April 8, 1994.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this oral history interview has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 08:11:54
    This page:

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