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Oral history interview with Joseph Elman

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1240 | RG Number: RG-50.106.0020

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Joseph Elman, born February 5, 1922 in Pruzhany, Poland (present day Belarus), discusses the German and Russian occupations of Pruzhany; his memories of the murder of 11 Jews in Pruzhany by Nazis; being forced into slave labor; the relocation of his family into the ghetto; daily living conditions in the ghetto, which included starvation and crowding; his work in the ghetto’s food department; the liquidation of the ghetto starting in January 1943; his father’s membership in the Judenrat; his father’s suicide; how he and others built a bunker in the ghetto; his contact with a resistance group which was smuggling weapons into the ghetto; his escape from the ghetto with a large group of people during the liquidation; his experience living in the woods as part of a partisan group; forming family bonds with members of the group; liberation by the Russian Army; returning to his home in Pruzhany to find a family living there; living with this family for a period of time; moving to Bialystok, Poland to join his brother; settling in Lodz, Poland; and immigrating to the United States in 1947.

Interviewee
Joseph Elman
Interviewer
Helen Golan
Date
1994 August 21  (interview)
Language
English
Genre/Form
Oral histories.
Extent
2 sound cassettes (60 min.).
1 folder.
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:45:28
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn507529