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Oral history interview with Joseph Elman

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 1995.A.1240 | RG Number: RG-50.106.0020

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    Oral history interview with Joseph Elman


    Interview Summary
    Joseph Elman, born February 5, 1922 in Pruzhany, Poland (present day Belarus), discusses the German and Russian occupations of Pruzhany; his memories of the murder of 11 Jews in Pruzhany by Nazis; being forced into slave labor; the relocation of his family into the ghetto; daily living conditions in the ghetto, which included starvation and crowding; his work in the ghetto’s food department; the liquidation of the ghetto starting in January 1943; his father’s membership in the Judenrat; his father’s suicide; how he and others built a bunker in the ghetto; his contact with a resistance group which was smuggling weapons into the ghetto; his escape from the ghetto with a large group of people during the liquidation; his experience living in the woods as part of a partisan group; forming family bonds with members of the group; liberation by the Russian Army; returning to his home in Pruzhany to find a family living there; living with this family for a period of time; moving to Bialystok, Poland to join his brother; settling in Łódź, Poland; and immigrating to the United States in 1947.
    Joseph Elman
    Helen Golan
    interview:  1994 August 21

    Physical Details

    Oral histories.
    2 sound cassettes (60 min.).
    1 folder.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Personal Name
    Elman, Joseph, 1922-

    Administrative Notes

    Helen Golan, a volunteer for the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Oral History branch, conducted this interview on August 21, 1994. The interview was transferred to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum on February 5, 1995.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this oral history interview has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 08:11:58
    This page:

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