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Oral history interview with Ruth Horowitz

Oral History | Accession Number: 1997.A.0422 | RG Number: RG-50.106.0071

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Ruth Horowitz (née Salzburg), born March 23, 1930 in Hamburg, Germany, describes her Polish parents Isaac Salzberg and Rose R. Kleinert and her sister; life in Hamburg, where they lived until November 1938; leaving Hamburg two days before Kristallnacht; how Hamburg was very open to Jews until Hitler’s regime, though she experienced many instances of antisemitism; being fascinated with the 1936 Olympics; how her father’s efforts to leave Germany began in 1936 and finally succeeded when he dramatically threatened to commit suicide at the US Consul if the visas were not granted; how crossing the Atlantic was very difficult, with cold and seasickness, but they arrived and went to Detroit, MI for a short while, then to New York City, NY, and finally to Washington, DC; learning to speak English by going to lots of movies; her father’s death at age 54; her mother’s transformation from being a housewife to running her husband’s jewelry business after he died; the wartime antisemitism, the problem of quotas, the Nuremburg trials, and the State of Israel; getting married in 1950; traveling to Germany in 1995; and her views on present day Germany.

Interviewee
Ruth C. Horowitz
Interviewer
Esther Finder
Date
1997 June 30  (interview)
Language
English
Extent
2 sound cassettes (74 min.).
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:55:23
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn507568