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Oral history interview with Ionel Ghelman

Oral History | Accession Number: 1996.A.0173 | RG Number: RG-50.106.0026

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Ionel Ghelman, born on March 27, 1929 in Bucharest, Romania, discusses his mother’s death in 1938 and being raised by his maternal aunt; experiencing antisemitism; seeing boys in 1936 practicing to be in the Iron Guard in the future; the German occupation in 1940; the events in January 1941, including pogroms, stores being burned, and Jews being killed; ration cards and how Jews’ ration cards were half of Rumanians’ cards; the Allied bombardments of Bucharest from late 1943 to early 1944; seeing Russian tanks and troops in August 1944; leaving school in 1946 to work in a locomotive factory; rejecting the Communist Youth Party and feeling a connection to Zionist Hashomer Hatzair; going to Bukovina to prepare for kibbutz in Israel; the banning of Zionist organizations in 1949; being a draftsman for oil pipeline company from 1948 to 1950; marrying a Romanian woman in 1956; his children; being expelled from the Communist Party because parents went to Israel; getting visas for Hungary, France, and Germany in 1976; going to New York in April 21, 1977 with the help of HIAS; and settling in Washington and working for Bechtel.

Interviewee
Ionel Ghelman
Interviewer
Gail Schwartz
Date
1996 May 09  (interview)
Language
English
Extent
3 sound cassettes (60 min.).
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Record last modified: 2018-05-09 09:20:28
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn507518