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Oral history interview with Ona Balaišienė

Oral History | Accession Number: 1998.A.0221.22 | RG Number: RG-50.473.0022

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Ona Balaišienė, born in 1911 in Andrioniškis, Lithuania, describes her family; her interactions with the prewar Jewish community of her town; living in Anykščiai, Lithuania and working in Debeikiai, Lithuania during the war; giving food to Jews in the ghetto of Anykščiai; a partisan guard who tried to have her and her husband executed; a German language teacher who convinced the German soldiers to release her and her husband; her encounters with residents of the ghetto; the structure of mass killings; her fear for her children; Jewish community members and Soviet employees fleeing east; the shooting of captured Jews; mass deportations of Lithuanians; her emotional breakdown after the first mass execution of Jews; hiding from partisans if they approached her house; the cruelty of the German soldiers; interactions between partisans and Jews; the looting of the Jewish ghetto by local townspeople; her husband refusing to purchase stolen property; partisans living in Jewish-owned houses; and the prosecution of the superintendent of the ghetto for collaborating with the Germans.

Interviewee
Ona Balaisiene
Date
1998 April 20  (interview)
Language
Lithuanian
Extent
2 videocasettes (Betacam SP) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:46:06
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn508576