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Oral history interview with Piet Ketelaar

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1285.20 | RG Number: RG-50.149.0020

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Piet Ketelaar, born April 7, 1921 in Haarlem, Netherlands, describes his family and educational background; the invasion of Holland by Germans in May 10, 1940; war work; witnessing dogfights over Bennebroek; the arrival of the Wehrmacht and the attitude of the Dutch population towards the arrival of Germans; the impact of the occupation on the standard of living; rumors regarding the fate of Jews; collaboration and resistance in the Netherlands; his resistance work in Holland from 1940 to 1944; being a resistance leader; resistance groups; listening to the BBC; distributing newsletters to Dutch people; supplies dropped by the Royal Air Force; acquiring and concealing weapons; organizing weapons training; sabotage; types of people that joined the resistance, including a female courier that gathered information on V2 sites; members of his group; German attempts to capture resistance workers; helping Allied airman; being arrested in December 1944; the fate of his brother; being interrogated; the journey to Neuengamme, Germany; being interned in Neuengamme concentration camp; the procedure on arrival; his first impressions of the camp; Appells; privileged Norwegian and Danish prisoners; various types of inmates; relationships between inmates; security in the camp; medical problems in the camp; his recollections of being aboard Cap Arcona, leaving Neuengamme and the air attack on the ship; illness and hospitalization; travelling to Brussels, Belgium; contracting typhus; and the attitude towards the bombing of Cap Arcona.

Interviewee
Piet Ketelaar
Date
1987 March 09  (interview)
Language
English
Extent
4 sound cassettes (90 min.).
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:45:28
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn510831