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Oral history interview with Henry Fulda

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1285.12 | RG Number: RG-50.149.0012

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Henry Fulda (born in 1922) describes growing up in Munich, Germany; his family and education; life as a schoolchild from 1933 to 1938; his memories of the Nazis coming to power in 1933; seeing VIPs arriving at Hotel Regina for the Munich Conference in 1938; encountering antisemitism at school; a raid on his family home on Kristallnacht; his father’s removal to Dachau Concentration Camp; the Jewish community in Munich; his membership in Deutsch Judische Jugendbund youth club; the attitude of liberal Munich Jews towards Zionism; family discussions about leaving Germany and the possibility of migrating to Great Britain came up; the condition of his father after his release from Dachau; emigration from Germany to Great Britain via the Netherlands in January 1939; the last minute problem with money allowance on the Dutch border; being a refugee in Britain from 1939 to 1940; his opinion of the Quakers who organized Letchworth House; his initial impressions of Britain; learning English; his employment in the Guildford area; his reaction to the outbreak of the war; the setting up of tribunals to screen refugees and his brief appearance before the tribunal in Guildford; the lack of anti-German feeling in the summer of 1940; relations between refugees and police in Guildford area; being an internee in Lingfield Internment Camp in July 1940; his transfer to the camp and his insistence that he shouldn’t be separated from father; the treatment of refugees by guards from the Irish Guards; his attitude towards internment; an internee who was an Aberdeen fisherman; being transferred via Kempton Park and Liverpool to the Promenade Camp, Douglas, Isle of Man, from July to November 1940; accommodations in the camp and the living conditions; the relaxed guarding of the camp; the social and educational activities in camp; relations with local civilians; his attitude towards internment; his refusal to join the Royal Pioneer Corps; his release and return to Guildford via Charing Cross Station in November 1940; his recollections of his period as a schoolchild in Germany from 1933 to 1938, including the support for Jews from the German anti-Nazi movement in Munich and the protection given by Munich Police from the Gestapo in 1938; the story of a teacher who defended him from antisemitic taunts; and the Munich comedian Weiss Ferdl, who stood up to the Nazis regime and his fate.

Interviewee
Henry Fulda
Date
1991 September 23  (interview)
Language
English
Extent
3 sound cassettes (90 min.).
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:42:46
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn510820