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Oral history interview with Moshe Nurtman

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1285.28 | RG Number: RG-50.149.0028

Moshe Nurtman, born January 1, 1929, describes life in Warkr (Warka), Poland in the 1930s; his family circumstances and education; the Polish-fascist boycott of Jewish shops; religious character of his family; the German invasion of Poland in September 1939; the German bombings and searches; the German occupation; restrictions against Jews; the treatment of Jewish civilians by Germans; his family selling some possessions; the German and Polish abuse of Jews; being in the Warka ghetto and the living conditions including food and heating; contracting typhus in the ghetto; moving to Miszew in 1940; having accommodations with Polish women; expeditions to beg for food; evading German and Polish patrols; being in the Kozenice ghetto in 1941; the layout of the ghetto; being beaten from a Jewish policeman; escaping from the ghetto in the summer of 1941; hearing the news of the fate of the Jews in Kozenice ghetto; working on the drainage canal; returning to the ghetto; being an inmate at Skarszisko from 1942 to 1944; working in an ammunition factory; acquiring a transport job; an incident involving Ukrainian guards; escaping the blame for an accident to a drunken guard; being used by the guards to pass information into the camp to discourage escapes; being transported to Czestochowa during the Russian advance; conditions during train journey from Czestochowa to Buchenwald; conditions in Buchenwald and the punishment of Jewish policeman by inmates; political prisoners; the duties of the blockmaster in the children’s block; volunteering to clear bomb debris in Weimar, Germany; being in Theresienstadt in May 1945; the death of prisoners on the journey to the camp; conditions in the camp; the difficulty of comprehending the end of the war; the behavior of inmates towards each other; beatings received; the selection of Kapos; competition for position as Kapo; food and water supplies in Buchenwald; reaction to Nazi persecution of the Jews.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Moshe Nurtman
interview:  1986 February 25
3 sound cassettes (90 min.).
Record last modified: 2020-04-07 10:59:57
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