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Oral history interview with Marsha Segall

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1285.43 | RG Number: RG-50.149.0043

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Marsha Segall, born January 16, 1922, describes her early life in Scholai, Lithuania; her family and education; antisemitism; the Jewish boycott of German goods in 1933; life during the Russian Occupation in 1940; the German attack on Lithuania in June 1941; anti-Jewish legislation; the arrest and execution of her father; their relationship with their servant; the billeting of German troops in their home; the creation of the ghetto in September 1941; living in the Troki ghetto; the Judenrat and public hangings; the transport of children from the ghetto on November 5, 1943; contact with partisans outside the ghetto; working as secretary for the Judenrat and her attitude towards the Judenrat; escaping from the ghetto with her husband in November 1943; hiding with a Lithuanian in the countryside; being found and arrested in early 1944; her imprisonment; going to the Scholai prison; interrogations and her work repairing German army uniforms; briefly returning to the Troki ghetto in May 1944; being sent to Stutthof concentration camp in July 1944; her first impressions of the camp; the suspension of menstruation; food rations; roll calls; categories of prisoners; being part of a work group outside the camp; living in tents and digging trenches; the journey to Rendaels near Wistula; medical problems; her work chopping wood; the evacuation of camp as Russians approached in January 1945; conditions during the march; frostbite; the fate of her mother and sister; successfully escaping; receiving assistance from local Poles and a Russian women's work camp; receiving medical assistance for frostbite from a German unit; evacuation as a German civilian from the area to Gdeieia; receiving medical treatment at Gdeieia hospital; amputation; being evacuated aboard the Deutschland and two other ships to Rigan Island; being in a Nazi party hospital at Bergen February-June 1945; continuing to pass as non-Jewish; liberation by Russians in May 1945; revealing her Jewish identity; working as an interpreter to a Russian unit; making clothes from parachute silk; acting as an interpreter in the interrogation of German SS suspects; deciding not to return to Lithuania; travelling with a friend to Hannover via Berlin in December 1945; the chaotic state of Europe; finding friends in a Jewish refugee camp; going to Munich; American antisemitism; her husband's survival and reuniting with him in January 1946; mental and physical condition of camp inmates; the difficulties of immigrating to Palestine; going through Austria to Italy; obtaining Hungarian passports; obtaining a Rhodesian residence permit in 1947; the impact of the war had on her; and her belief that a successful Jewish revolt against Nazis was impossible.

Interviewee
Marsha Segall
Date
1985 December  (interview)
Language
English
Extent
6 sound cassettes (90 min.).
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:50:37
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn510851