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Oral history interview with Janina Pawlica

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1285.30 | RG Number: RG-50.149.0030

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Janina Pawlica, June 1, 1922, describes her early life in Czestochowa, Poland; her family and education; the bombing of Czestochowa by the Germans in September 1939; the behavior of Germans during the early part of the occupation; the problems with food rations; treatment of Jewish civilians by Germans; the fate of Poles who aided Jews; reasons for her arrest by Germans in December 1942; being an inmate in Ravensbrück concentration camp from 1943 to 1945; conditions during the train journey to the camp; processing on arrival at the camp; the behavior of the female Blockmeister; help given to her by a Polish inmate; working in kitchens; rations; punishment for attempts to smuggle food; the special block for mothers with babies; a Red Cross inspection visit; accommodations; the execution of inmates; the German use of a punishment bunker for Allied agents; the reasons for the execution of a Czechoslovakian female inmate; a friendly German warder; the harsh treatment of prostitutes and thieves; the treatment of Jehovah’s Witnesses; the selection of inmates for the crematorium; receiving food parcels from her father; escaping from the camp by assuming a false identity in April 1945; her physical condition upon arriving in Sweden; the fate of her family in Poland; immigrating to Great Britain in 1948; and her attitude towards Germans.

Interviewee
Janina Pawlica
Date
1990 March  (interview)
Language
English
Extent
2 sound cassettes (90 min.).
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:48:07
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn510838